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YOUR CHILD
Jewelry for girls
The day of the child
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The advice of a psychologist
Parenting
Kindergarten
The first year
From years and older
The development of speech
Child nutrition
Child health
Child care
Preparing for school
Religion and child
Nursery


FIRST YEAR / Child learns about feelings

The establishment of relations: main stages.

0-4 weeks. The child stares you in the face when you talk to him; feels better when there is someone familiar; imitates facial expressions.

8 weeks. The child smiles; taking part in the conversation.

12 weeks. The child is very interested in what surrounds him, stops crying when you walk into a room; recognize familiar faces; behaving suspiciously in the presence of strangers and in unfamiliar situations.

16 weeks. The child needs attention, starting to act up; if you leave one, misses; loves the company of people; expresses impatience when he sees the bottle; expresses delighted squeal, squeak and laughter; interested unfamiliar people and places.

20 weeks. The child smiles at himself in the mirror; with both hands, pats on the bottle or breast; subject to rapid mood swings; people make him laugh and beat feet with delight; expresses his pleasure sounds; able to distinguish between familiar people from a stranger.

26 weeks. The child begins to fear strangers; hands when he wants to be taken to the handle; laughs when you play with him in the hide-and-seek; comes in excitement, hearing the steps, opened the door, etc.; simulates a more complex behavior; has distinct preferences.

30 weeks. The child begins to look for items that drops; increased fear of strangers; begins to worry when there is no mother or the person who usually spends time with him; imitates simple actions; playing hide-and-seek; waiting to see what will happen or otherwise. The child bites; tightly constricting the mouth, if the food he doesn't like. The child tries to attract your attention; can use a few simple signs.

34 weeks. Increased anxiety experienced by the child when leaving the mother or the one who carries with him most of the time, fear of strangers and unfamiliar places; the child may not like, when his dress; could not find a place when you are not home.

38 weeks. The child is more dependent on the mother or someone who cares about him; he exhibits a great tendency to please the mother or the child; afraid to be alone even in a familiar environment; blocking his face with his hand, to avoid washing; often seeking solace and protection from the mother or nanny.

44 weeks. The kid stops when he said "no"; waving her hand at parting; to simulate the actions and expressions of Liza; offers a toy; but does not give her; looking around the corner, or peeping from behind the sofa; repeating the steps if they cause someone laugh, pulling you behind the clothes to attract attention; plays Patty cake; responds to changes in your mood, crying, if you scold him; becomes independent; is willing to wear shoes; tries your patience; see the books, looks at you to check out the expression on your face, before anything can be done.

48 weeks. The child expresses joy when he manages to achieve something; shows signs of discontent, especially if it is stopped and not allowed to do what he wants to do.

52 weeks. The child understands simple commands; shakes his head, if he wants to say "no"; hides his face, playing hide and seek; may also show signs of jealousy, affection, anger, and fear; love is far away from you; clings to you; not without his pacifier, Teddy bear or blanket; draws your attention to his interest to the subject at hand.

Some children are easy to communicate, well-adapted to the new conditions and cheerful. Some easy to communicate when you will meet them at hand, cautiously accept new people or new items. Other difficult

Not all children, however, as not all adults can be attributed to this or that category, but some differences seem obvious from birth. "Light" children do not cause any problems in the formation of habits They quickly learn to eat on a schedule, sleep schedule, and even defecate at the same time every day. They are easily accustomed to new places, food and people. They are easier to tolerate the difficulties and violations of the established order. If a child is late to feed in the usual time, he just whimpers and not catch cry. Most of the time this child is smiling, cheerful and cheerful.

All this may seem a rosy picture, but because this child is so docile and undemanding, he may get less attention from their parents. An American study showed that parents of "light" children tend to give them to ourselves, more than parents of difficult children. "Light" children usually lag behind the more difficult children.

Children who are more difficult to adapt to new conditions, or less constant in their habits, demonstrate more wary, are" less willing to smile and willing to try new foods or to meet new people or places. Difficult children are fickle habits. Even in ten years, such a child may not develop the habit of going to bed.

Friendly atmosphere in the family The first thing to recognize the child, is what psychologists call emotional atmosphere of the family. It is difficult to say exactly what is goodwill, because each expresses it in his own way; but the friendly parent caring, sensitive to the needs of their child and treat them with understanding. He is able to put himself in the place of the child, often praising the child's best interests above their own, encourages and endorses the activities of the child. Hostile parent, on the contrary, their attitude rejects the child. Children from families in which friendly atmosphere:

  • have a higher rate of mental activity;
  • I feel more confident;
  • have more self-esteem;
  • show more understanding of other people;
  • obree friendly, responsive and helpful.

Smiling and laughing.

Learn to Express emotions: the main stages.

Birth. On the face may appear faint smile; the child shows that he's scared, feels discomfort or disgust.

4 weeks. The child begins to smile in order to communicate.

12-16 weeks. The child laughs, shows anger, surprise, sadness.

20-28 weeks. The child is able to show fear.

24-32 weeks. The child demonstrates modesty and shyness.

6-12 months. Games like hide and seek or Went over bumps".

12 months. Unexpected things, as, for example, to see you on the head with his cap; his own actions, for example, when destroys collected from the dice tower; the anticipation of what he knows has to happen in the next moment.

Children can smile almost from birth. Initially this is reflected in a slight smile, when the lips of the child a little drawn back, sometimes with only one side of the mouth, which say that "where angel has flown". This smile of a child appears only when the child is immersed in a deep sleep or goes from deep to superficial sleep. Later, he will be smiling in my sleep, if I hear some high-pitched sounds.

You will see (and recognize) the first real smile of the child, when he is four to six weeks, depending on how Mature the child is born. Children born prematurely will likely begin to smile later. Blind children are willing to smile at this stage, but most of the stops to smile to six months. If you want to bring a smile to the face of the kid, you need to say something in a high voice and parivate head; later, the child will want to watch PA moving your smiling face; finally, he will smile to you and without it. To the five or six months, babies often smile at the sight of the faces of familiar people.

Laughter expresses emotions more deeply than smile, but it is equally contagious. Children begin to laugh about in three or four months, Initially laughter can cause a combination of speech and physical activity, for example, ticklish. The good-natured laughter of a child and calls for communication. The more you laugh with your child, the more he laughs in response, although you will not be able to achieve the same success, achieve what his older sister or elder brother.

What makes him laugh?

  • 0-2 weeks. Falling asleep or awakening.
  • 2-3 weeks. High sound that he hears
  • while you sleep.
  • 4-8 weeks. Smile upon awakening; a high sound; shaking the head; objects that can move and make sounds; your moving speaking person.
  • 10 weeks. Your motionless face.
  • 20-24 weeks. Familiar faces; the laughter.
  • 4-6 months. Someone laugh or someone's speech.

Upstairs...

Additional materials:
Newborn - physiological features Newborn - physiological features

Children are born with a full set of muscles, but, like everything else, they have to Mature. This happens in the same order in which reach functional maturity nerves, they - run: starting with the muscles of the neck and going on down the trunk and towards the fingers. As they reach maturity changes and their structure. Mature muscles contain less water and more protein and minerals than immature, which provide additional strength and endurance.

Features of the body of the newborn Features of the baby's body

So, the baby was born. From the moment of birth until the cutting of the umbilical cord, the child stops directly in contact with the mother's body and begins the neonatal period, which lasts about one month. During this time the baby adapts to completely different for him the environment. During this period significant changes in his body. Some organs and systems worked during the prenatal period (heart, kidneys, endocrine glands, other respiratory organs and digestive system begin to function from the moment the baby is born.

Why is the baby crying? Baby crying Why is the baby crying? A baby crying.

A baby crying can be divided into various types, ranging from easy whining (usually just before falling asleep to thunder - Kim cry for several hours. It is understandable that when your baby cries, you wspolna - Vanir and scared. Also babies cry for a variety of reasons. When they are very young, this is the only way they can Express their needs.

Child care Child care

Usually mothers find it helpful to bathe the child in front of a 10-hour evening feeding. However, it is possible to bathe before any feeding (but not after it, as after feeding the child usually falls asleep). Many fathers gladly bathe their children over 6-hour or 10-hour evening feeding. When the child becomes older and will go to sleep immediately after dinner, you can bathe him before going to sleep. That the child did not feel hunger, until you give him a bath, give him before bathing juice. To bathe the child needs in a warm room, for example in the kitchen.

Bathing a newborn Bathing a newborn

Bathing a newborn not only supports the baby's skin clean, but has a good tempering effect. Until the baby is healed umbilical wound, bathing wipe it with a soft, damp sponge. The procedure is done in a warm room, in a convenient conditions, for example, on a special table Mat or just on his knees. The main thing is that the position of the newborn was safe and easy to communicate with him. Prepare baby soap, gentle baby shampoo, two napkins, soft towel, cotton swabs and clothing. When rubbing your baby sponge water should be pleasantly warm. The left hand slightly lift up the child, holding under the crown, and the right - wipe, starting from the top.

How to deal with a newborn How to deal with a newborn

The most difficult task facing a newborn baby during the first month of his life, to adapt to conditions outside the mother's body. Most of the time the baby is sleeping. Waking up, he starts to behave in accordance with their internal physiological state. Periods of active wakefulness, when the child is ready to take new information, rare and short-lived. Therefore it is not necessary to pre-plan lessons with a newborn, just try to seize the opportunity. This option appears when the baby is fed and is in a good mood. Remember that children have different thresholds of excitability, and if you periotome baby, he may start to worry, to scream and cry.

The food of the newborn The food of the newborn

The child, like any other person, has the instinct of hunger. If he is chronically undernourished, he will shout, demanding more milk. Trust him and talk to your doctor. If he hasn't finished his usual amount, do not insist. Consider that he wakes up because he is hungry and cries, most likely because he wants to eat. He eagerly catches mouth, nipple (or pacifier). Sucking is a serious work for the child. He may even sweat from the effort. If you take away a pacifier before he was sated, he would be yelling at them. When he will suck as much milk as he wants, he will Solovey from satiety and again falls asleep.

The introduction of solid foods in the diet of the child The introduction of solid foods in the diet of the child

Fifty years ago it was introduced only after a year. Then doctors began to try to introduce it earlier and earlier and found that children readily accept this food and she has a beneficial effect. For two reasons it makes sense to start giving solid food to a child in the first half of the first year. At this age children are still there, and being older, they become more selective. Solid food contains nutrients, especially iron, which little or no milk.

Complementary feeding for children aged 6 months Complementary feeding for children aged 6 months

Fifty years ago it was introduced only after a year. Then doctors began to try to introduce it earlier and earlier and found that children readily accept this food and she has a beneficial effect. For two reasons it makes sense to start giving solid food to a child in the first half of the first year. At this age children are still there, and being older, they become more selective. Solid food contains nutrients, especially iron, which little or no milk.

The lure. The who guidelines on breastfeeding The lure. The who guidelines on breastfeeding

Timely introduction of properly selected foods promotes good health, to improve nutritional status and physical development of infants and young children in a period of rapid growth and therefore should be the focus of the health system.

The child learns about feelings The child learns about feelings

Children who are more difficult to adapt to new conditions, or less constant in their habits, demonstrate more wary, are" less willing to smile and willing to try new foods or to meet new people or places. Difficult children are fickle habits. Even in ten years, such a child may not develop the habit of going to bed.

The choice of a Walker The choice of a Walker

There are two main types of precursory those in which children sit, and such that kids are pushing. First, for those children who are not able to move independently, the latter which often resemble small truck or can be converted into a tricycle - for those children who are already starting to walk, holding onto a support. Baby Walker - item optional, and many experts believe that the harm outweighs its benefits.

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