The Declaration of the rights of the child
Proclaimed by resolution 1386 (XIV) of the General Assembly
on 20 November 1959
Consideringthat the peoples of the United Nations newly approved
in the Charter of their faith in fundamental human rights and in the dignity and worth of
the human person and are determined to promote social
progress and better standards of life in larger freedom,
taking into accountthat the United Nations in the universal
Declaration of human rights proclaimed that every man should have
all of these in her rights and freedoms, without any differences
on such grounds as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political
or other opinion, national or social origin, property
status, birth or other status,
whereas, that the child, by reason of his physical and mental
immaturity, needs special safeguards and care, including appropriate
legal protection, before as well as after birth,
taking into accountthat the need for such special safeguards
was stated in the Geneva Declaration of the rights of the child of 1924, and recognized in
The universal Declaration of human rights and in the statutes of specialized
agencies and international organizations concerned with the welfare of
consideringthat humanity is obliged to give the child
the best thing it has,
The General Assembly
proclaims this Declaration of the rights of the child to ensure that children
happy childhood and use, for their own benefit and for the benefit of society,
rights and freedoms that it provides, and encourages parents,
men and women as individuals and voluntary organizations, local
authorities and national governments to ensure that they are recognized and tried
to respect these rights through legislative and other measures progressively taken
in accordance with the following principles:
The child shall enjoy all listed in this Declaration of rights.
These rights should be recognised for all children without exception and without
distinction or discrimination on grounds of race, colour, sex, language, religion,
political or other opinion, national or social origin,
property, birth or other circumstances relating to
the child or his family.
Child law and other means must be provided special
protection and the opportunities and favorable conditions that allowed
him to develop physically, mentally, morally, spiritually and in social
healthy and normal way and in conditions of freedom and dignity.
When issuing this purpose laws primary consideration should be the best
the interests of the child.
The child should be with his birth right to a name and nationality.
The child should benefit from social security. He must
to have the right to healthy growth and development; to this end special
care and protection should be provided both to him and to his mother, including
adequate prenatal and postnatal care. The child shall be entitled
to adequate nutrition, housing, recreation and medical care.
The child who is inferior in physical, mental or
socially, should be given the special treatment, education
and care required by his particular condition.
The child, for the full and harmonious development of his personality, needs
love and understanding. He shall, wherever possible, grow up in the care and
under the responsibility of their parents and, in any case, in an atmosphere of love
and moral and material security; a young child should not,
except where there are exceptional circumstances, to be forcefully separate
with his mother. On society and on public authorities should be
the duty to exercise special care for children without families, and children
not having sufficient means of livelihood. It is desirable that a large
families were provided with state or other benefits for the care of children.
The child has the right to education, which should be free
and compulsory, at least in the initial stages. He must be given
education, which would contribute to its overall cultural development
and thanks to which he could, on the basis of equal opportunity, to develop
their abilities and personal judgment, and moral and social consciousness
responsibility and become a useful member of society.
The best interests of the child shall be the guiding principle
for those who bear the responsibility for his education and guidance; that
the responsibility lies primarily with his parents.
The child shall have full opportunity for play and recreation,
which would be directed to the same purposes as education; society
and the public authorities should endeavour to promote
the enjoyment of this right.
The child shall in all circumstances be among the first to receive
protection and assistance.
The child must be protected from all forms of neglect, cruelty
and operation. He should not be traded in any
The child should not be made to work to achieve an appropriate age
minimum; he in no case should not be allocated or permitted to be work
or occupation, which would be harmful to his health or education or
let his physical, mental or moral development.
The child shall be protected from practices which may foster racial,
religious or any other form of discrimination. He should grow up
in the spirit of understanding, tolerance, friendship among peoples, peace and universal
brotherhood, and in full consciousness that his energy and talents should
be devoted to the service for the benefit of other people.