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YOUR CHILD
Jewelry for girls
The day of the child
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Parenting
Kindergarten
The first year
From years and older
The development of speech
Child nutrition
Child health
Child care
Preparing for school
Religion and child
Nursery


THE FIRST YEAR
Newborn - physiological features Newborn - physiological features

Children are born with a full set of muscles, but, like everything else, they have to Mature. This happens in the same order in which reach functional maturity nerves, they - run: starting with the muscles of the neck and going on down the trunk and towards the fingers. As they reach maturity changes and their structure. Mature muscles contain less water and more protein and minerals than immature, which provide additional strength and endurance.

Features of the body of the newborn Features of the baby's body

So, the baby was born. From the moment of birth until the cutting of the umbilical cord, the child stops directly in contact with the mother's body and begins the neonatal period, which lasts about one month. During this time the baby adapts to completely different for him the environment. During this period significant changes in his body. Some organs and systems worked during the prenatal period (heart, kidneys, endocrine glands, other respiratory organs and digestive system begin to function from the moment the baby is born.

Why is the baby crying? Baby crying Why is the baby crying? A baby crying.

A baby crying can be divided into various types, ranging from easy whining (usually just before falling asleep to thunder - Kim cry for several hours. It is understandable that when your baby cries, you wspolna - Vanir and scared. Also babies cry for a variety of reasons. When they are very young, this is the only way they can Express their needs.

Child care Child care

Usually mothers find it helpful to bathe the child in front of a 10-hour evening feeding. However, it is possible to bathe before any feeding (but not after it, as after feeding the child usually falls asleep). Many fathers gladly bathe their children over 6-hour or 10-hour evening feeding. When the child becomes older and will go to sleep immediately after dinner, you can bathe him before going to sleep. That the child did not feel hunger, until you give him a bath, give him before bathing juice. To bathe the child needs in a warm room, for example in the kitchen.

Bathing a newborn Bathing a newborn

Bathing a newborn not only supports the baby's skin clean, but has a good tempering effect. Until the baby is healed umbilical wound, bathing wipe it with a soft, damp sponge. The procedure is done in a warm room, in a convenient conditions, for example, on a special table Mat or just on his knees. The main thing is that the position of the newborn was safe and easy to communicate with him. Prepare baby soap, gentle baby shampoo, two napkins, soft towel, cotton swabs and clothing. When rubbing your baby sponge water should be pleasantly warm. The left hand slightly lift up the child, holding under the crown, and the right - wipe, starting from the top.

How to deal with a newborn How to deal with a newborn

The most difficult task facing a newborn baby during the first month of his life, to adapt to conditions outside the mother's body. Most of the time the baby is sleeping. Waking up, he starts to behave in accordance with their internal physiological state. Periods of active wakefulness, when the child is ready to take new information, rare and short-lived. Therefore it is not necessary to pre-plan lessons with a newborn, just try to seize the opportunity. This option appears when the baby is fed and is in a good mood. Remember that children have different thresholds of excitability, and if you periotome baby, he may start to worry, to scream and cry.

The food of the newborn The food of the newborn

The child, like any other person, has the instinct of hunger. If he is chronically undernourished, he will shout, demanding more milk. Trust him and talk to your doctor. If he hasn't finished his usual amount, do not insist. Consider that he wakes up because he is hungry and cries, most likely because he wants to eat. He eagerly catches mouth, nipple (or pacifier). Sucking is a serious work for the child. He may even sweat from the effort. If you take away a pacifier before he was sated, he would be yelling at them. When he will suck as much milk as he wants, he will Solovey from satiety and again falls asleep.

The introduction of solid foods in the diet of the child The introduction of solid foods in the diet of the child

Fifty years ago it was introduced only after a year. Then doctors began to try to introduce it earlier and earlier and found that children readily accept this food and she has a beneficial effect. For two reasons it makes sense to start giving solid food to a child in the first half of the first year. At this age children are still there, and being older, they become more selective. Solid food contains nutrients, especially iron, which little or no milk.

Complementary feeding for children aged 6 months Complementary feeding for children aged 6 months

Fifty years ago it was introduced only after a year. Then doctors began to try to introduce it earlier and earlier and found that children readily accept this food and she has a beneficial effect. For two reasons it makes sense to start giving solid food to a child in the first half of the first year. At this age children are still there, and being older, they become more selective. Solid food contains nutrients, especially iron, which little or no milk.

The lure. The who guidelines on breastfeeding The lure. The who guidelines on breastfeeding

Timely introduction of properly selected foods promotes good health, to improve nutritional status and physical development of infants and young children in a period of rapid growth and therefore should be the focus of the health system.

The child learns about feelings The child learns about feelings

Children who are more difficult to adapt to new conditions, or less constant in their habits, demonstrate more wary, are" less willing to smile and willing to try new foods or to meet new people or places. Difficult children are fickle habits. Even in ten years, such a child may not develop the habit of going to bed.

The choice of a Walker The choice of a Walker

There are two main types of precursory those in which children sit, and such that kids are pushing. First, for those children who are not able to move independently, the latter which often resemble small truck or can be converted into a tricycle - for those children who are already starting to walk, holding onto a support. Baby Walker - item optional, and many experts believe that the harm outweighs its benefits.

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