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DEVELOPMENT / Idioms for children

Idioms for kids - explained is popular stable expressions. An important feature of phraseological units is that they are indivisible in the sense and meaning is not the sum of the values of their component words, therefore, often require further interpretation.
Idioms for children

Augean stables

Value. Littering, contaminated site, where everything is in a mess.

Origin. Lived in ancient Elis, is told in Greek legend, king of Avgi, a passionate lover of horses: three thousand horses kept it in their stables. However, stall, which contained a horse, no one cleaned for thirty years, and they are on the roof covered with manure. The service of the Augean stables was sent Hercules, whom the king and ordered to clean the stables that do not have the strength to do anyone else. Hercules was as ingenious as it is powerful. He was sent to the gate of the stables river water, and turbulent flow for the day washed out all the dirt. The Greeks sang this feat along with the other eleven, and the expression "the Augean stables" were to apply to all running, foul to the limit and in General to refer to a lot of confusion.

Arshin to swallow

The idiom for children - Arshin to swallow

Value. Keep unnaturally straight.

Origin. The Turkish word "feet", meaning the measure of length in one elbow, has already become Russian. Before the revolution, Russian merchants and artisans have always used the yards - wood and metal lines in length and seventy-one centimeter. Imagine, should look like a man who had such a ruler, and you will understand why this expression is applied to the smug and arrogant people.

Henbane overeat

Henbane overeat

Value. Behave absurdly, angrily, like a madman.

Origin. In the village on the back and dumps you can meet the high bushes with a dirty-yellowish, purple-veined flowers and unpleasant smell. This is henbane is a very poisonous plant. Its seeds resemble poppy, but those who eat them, is like mad: raves, rages, and often dies.

Buryanov ass

Buryanov ass

Value. Extremely indecisive person, oscillating in the choice between equivalent solutions.

Origin. Philosophers of the late middle Ages put forward a theory according to which the actions of living beings depend not on their own will, but solely from external causes. Scientist Buridan (more Buridan), who lived in France in the fourteenth century, confirmed this idea with the following example. Take a hungry ass and lay on either side of his muzzle, at equal distances, two identical piles of hay. The donkey will not be any reason to prefer one to another because they are exactly similar. He will not be able to stretch neither to the right nor to the left, and eventually die of hunger.

Let us return to our sheep

Let us return to our sheep

Value. The call to the speaker not to be distracted from the main topic; the fact that his digression from the topic of conversation ended.

Origin. Let us return to our sheep - calque of the French revenons a nos moutons of the farce "the Lawyer Pierre Patlen" (about 1470). With these words the judge interrupts the speech of a wealthy clothier. Making a case against the shepherd, stanowisko his sheep, a dry-goods merchant, forgetting about his lawsuit, showers accusations defender shepherd, attorney Patina, which has not paid him for six cubits of cloth.

Kolomenskaya versta

Kolomenskaya versta

Value. The so-called man is very tall, big fella.

Origin. In the suburban village of Kolomenskoye was the summer residence of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich. The road there was a lively, wide and was considered the home state. And when put huge milestones, which in Russia has not yet happened, the glory of this road has increased even more. Savvy people took advantage of the novelty and dubbed lanky man Kolomna a mile. So still and say.

Led by the nose

Led by the nose

Value. To deceive, to mislead, to promise and not fulfill the promise.

Origin. Expression was associated with fair play. Roma led the bears to show for threaded into the nose ring. And made them poor, to do different tricks, tricking the promise of handouts.

Hair stood on end

Hair on end

Value. So say, when people became very frightened.

Origin. "Stand on end" is to stand at attention, at your fingertips. That is, when a person is frightened, his hair as if on tiptoe on the head stand.

That's where the Shoe pinches!

That's where the Shoe pinches!

Value. Here's the thing, this is the real reason.

Origin. There is the story of an Austrian soldier Sigismund of Altensteig all the campaigns and battles held together with his beloved dog. Once, while traveling in the Netherlands, the dog even saved from the death of his master. The grateful soldier solemnly buried his four-legged friend and on his tomb was erected the monument, which stood for more than two centuries before the nineteenth century. Later dog monument could be found by tourists only with the help of local residents. At that time, and was saying, "that's where the Shoe pinches!", having now meaning: "found what you were looking for", "got to it". But there are more ancient and no less probable source of the extant sayings. When the Greeks decided to give the Persian king Xerxes battle on the sea, they had already planted on the court the elderly, women and children and brought them to the island of Salamis. Tell that the dog belonged to Xantippe, the father of Pericles, was unwilling to part with his master, jumped into the sea and swim after the ship reached Salamis. Weary from exhaustion, she immediately died. As the historian of antiquity Plutarch, the dog put on the seashore kinasemb dog monument, which is a very long showed curious. Some German linguists believe that this expression created by treasure hunters, who, from fear of evil spirits, supposedly guarding each clade, did not dare to directly mention the purpose of his search and conditionally began to talk about the black dog, implying iodine this feature and treasure. Thus, according to this version, the phrase "that's where the Shoe pinches" meant: "that's where the treasure is buried".

Pour on the first number

Pour on the first number

Value. To punish severely, to scold someone

Origin. What is that, and this is the expression you are familiar with... And how it just fell on your poor head! Do not believe me, but... from the old school where students flogged every week, regardless of right or wrong. And if the mentor overdo it, the whipping lasted a long time, until the first of next month.

RUB points

RUB glasses

Value. To deceive someone, presenting the case in a distorted, incorrect, but best for the speaker world.

Origin. We are not talking about the glasses, which are used to correct vision. There is another meaning of the word "points": red and black characters on playing cards. Since there are cards that were on the light and dishonest players, sharper. They, in order to deceive the partner, followed by all sorts of tricks. Could they, by the way, unbeknownst to RUB points" to turn seven in six or four in the top five on the go, during the game, kleiva "point" or time his special white powder. It is clear that "RUB glasses" came to mean "to cheat", hence were born special words: "fraud", "acculturating" - the trickster who knows how to embellish their work, ill give very good.

The voice of one crying in the wilderness

The voice of one crying in the wilderness

Value. Means in vain entreaties, exhortations, which no one listens.

Origin. As reported by the biblical stories, one of the Hebrew prophets crying out of the wilderness for the Israelites to prepare the way of God: to lay in the desert road, to make mountains fell, the valley was filled, and the curvature and roughness straightened. But the call of the prophet-the hermit remained "a voice of one crying in the wilderness" were not heard. People did not want to serve his fierce and cruel God.

Goal as Falcon

Goal as Falcon

Value. A poor beggar.

Origin. Many people think that we are talking about the bird. But she is not poor and not rich. Actually Sokol - old military battering RAM. It was completely smooth ("naked") cast-iron disc, attached to the chains. Nothing more!

The naked truth

The naked truth

Value. The truth as it is, without equivocation.

Origin. This Latin expression: Nuda Veritas [hub zone Veritas]. It is taken from the 24th odes of the Roman poet Horace (65 - 8 BC). Ancient sculptors allegorically portrayed the truth (the truth) in the form of a naked woman that was supposed to symbolize the true state of Affairs without defaults and embellishment.

Mountain onion

Mountain onion

Value. Klutz, hapless people.

Origin. Acrid volatile substances in abundance contained in the bulb, irritant effect on the eye, and the mistress, as long as chops up onions for his concoctions, weeps tears, although grief is not the slightest. Interestingly, tears, caused by the action of irritating substances, chemical composition different from sincere tears. In the fake tears more protein (and this is not surprising, because these tears are designed to neutralize caustic substances caught in the eye), so fake tears slightly hazy. However, this fact every person knows intuitively: muddy tears no faith. And grief onion called not grief and trouble transient. Often playful, poliovaccine appeal to the child, which is again something was done.

Janus

Janus

Value. Two-faced, hypocritical people

Origin. In Roman mythology the God of all beginnings. He was depicted with two faces - the young man and the old man is looking in opposite directions. One person looks into the future, the other in the past.

It's in the bag

The trick

Value. All right, all ended well.

Origin. Sometimes explain the origin of this expression is the fact that in the days of Ivan the terrible, some of the cases were decided by drawing lots, and the lot was drawn from the hat of a judge. However, the word "hat" came to us not earlier than in the days of Boris Godunov, and then applied it only to foreign headwear. Hardly a rare word it could get then in the popular saying. There is another explanation:_,much later clerics and decrees dealing with court cases, used their hats to get bribes. - If you helped me, " says the plaintiff to the clerk in a sarcastic poem. A. K. Tolstoy, - I b the poured her-her hat ten rubles. Joke? - Rash now, " said the clerk, substituting the cap. - Well-TKA! It is very possible that on the question: "how is my business?" - decrees were often answered with a sly wink: "the trick". Hence we should not be saying.

Money does not smell

Money has no smell

Value. It is important to have money and not the source of their origin.

Origin. Urgently to replenish the Treasury, the Roman Emperor Vespasian imposed a tax on public urinals. However, Titus was reproached for this father. Vespasian raised it to his nose son money and asked whether they smell. He replied in the negative. Then the Emperor said, "But they are from urine..." On the basis of this episode has been a catch phrase.

Keep in the black body

Keep in the black body

Value. Sternly, strictly contact with someone, forcing many to work; to oppress anyone.

Origin. The expression is derived from the Turkic expressions related to horse breeding, which is moderately to nourish, underfed (Kara kesek meat without fat). The literal translation of these phrases - "the black meat" (Kara - black, kesek - meat). From the literal meaning of the expression happened to "keep in the black body."

Bring to a white heat

Bring to a white heat

Value. To angry to the limit, bring to rabies.

Origin. When the metal is heated during forging, it is depending on the temperature glows in different ways: first red, then yellow and finally white. At higher temperatures, the metal melts and boils. Expression of speech Kuznetsov.

A topsy-turvy

A topsy-turvy

Value. The noise, the mess, the confusion.

Origin. In old Russia huts were often drowned in smoke: the smoke went through the chimney, and through a special window or door. And in the form of smoke predicted the weather. Is the smoke will clear, dragged to fog, rain, rocker - to the wind, bad weather or storm.

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The plagues of Egypt

Value. Disaster, bringing punishment, severe punishment

Origin. Goes back to the biblical story of the Exodus of the Hebrews from Egypt. For the refusal of Pharaoh to release the Jews from captivity, the Lord has brought to Egypt terrible punishment - the ten plagues. The blood instead of water. All the water in the Nile and other water bodies and tanks turned into krovi, but remained transparent for the Jews. The plague of frogs. As promised Pharaoh: "they shall go into thy house, and into your bedroom and on your bed, and in the houses of thy servants and of thy people, and into your oven, and your kneading trough. Frogs filled the whole land of Egypt. The invasion of midges. As the third punishment on Egypt collapsed swarms of midges, which attacked the Egyptians, was Packed into them, climbed into the eyes, nose, ears. Swarms of flies. The country was flooded with swarms of flies, from which all animals, including Pets, began to attack the Egyptians. Murrain. All the Egyptians went extinct cattle, attack did not affect only the Jews. Sores and boils. The Lord commanded Moses and Aaron to take the handful of furnace black and tossing it up in front of Pharaoh. And covered the bodies of the Egyptians and their animals terrible sores and abscesses. Thunder, lightning and fiery hail. The storm began, thunder boomed, lightning and Egypt collapsed fiery hail. The locust invasion. A strong wind blew, and the wind came upon Egypt, hordes of locusts, sorrow all the greens down to the last blade of grass on the land of Egypt. Unusual darkness. The dark, fallen on Egypt, was thick and dense, it could even touch them; and the candles and the torches could not dispel the darkness. Only the Jews had light. The plague of the firstborn. Once in Egypt in one night died all the firstborn (except Jewish), Pharaoh relented and allowed the Jews to leave Egypt. Thus began the Exodus.

A sealed

Behind seven seals

Value. Something impossible to understand.

Origin. Dates back to biblical turnover "seven-sealed book" is a symbol of secret knowledge, not available to the uninitiated, while it is not removed seven seals of the new Testament prophetic Revelation of St. John the divine". "And I saw in the right hand of him who sat on the throne a book written inside and outside, sealed with seven seals. And I saw a strong angel proclaiming with a loud voice: "Who is worthy to open the book and to loose the seals thereof?" And nobody could neither in heaven, nor in earth, neither under the earth to open this book and see it. The lamb that was slain and his blood has redeemed us to God, broke the seals from the book. After removing the six seals on the people of Israel was based on the seal of God, which they took as true followers of the Lord. After removal of the seventh seal the lamb told John to eat the book: "... it will make your stomach bitter, but in thy mouth it shall be sweet as honey"to talk about a future update of the world and to dispel the fears of the faithful about the future of Christianity, in which all sides are encamped Jews, pagans and false teachers".

To death on the nose

To death on the nose

Value. Remember tightly, once and for all.

Origin. The word "nose" here does not mean the organ of smell. Oddly enough, it means "memorial plaque", "tag record. In ancient times, illiterate people everywhere wore with such rods and plates, and they did all sorts of notes, notches. These tags and was called noses.

Scapegoat

Scapegoat

Value. The Respondent for someone else, for the faults of others, because the true culprit cannot be found or wants to escape responsibility.

Origin. Turnover dates back to the text of the Bible, the Hebrew rite of laying the sins of the people (community) on the live goat. This ritual was carried out in the case of the desecration of the Jewish sanctuary, where the ark of the testimony. To atone for the sins burned a sheep and kill one goat in sacrifice for sin." On the second goat was shifted all the sins and iniquities of the Jewish people: the priest laid hands on him in a sign that all the sins of the community move on him, after which the goat was driven into the wilderness. All present at the ceremony were considered clean.

Disservice

The disservice

Value. Unsolicited assistance service, which brings more harm than good.

Origin. The original fable I. A. Krylov, "the hermit and the Bear". It shows you how the Bear, wanting to help his friend the Hermit to SWAT a fly that sat at the forehead, was killed together with her and the Hermit. But in the fable of this expression is not: it has developed and entered into the folklore later.

Cast your pearls before swine

Cast your pearls before swine

Value. Waste words, referring to the people who cannot understand you.

Origin. In the sermon on the mount Jesus Christ says: "do Not give what is Holy to dogs, neither throw your pearls before swine, lest they trample them under their feet, and turn and did not rend you" (Matthew 7: b). In Church Slavonic translation of the word "pearl" sounds like "beads". In this case it is the biblical expression, and entered the English language.

Professor cabbage

Professor cabbage

Value. Unlucky, a bad master.

Origin. Sour soup - simple peasant food: water Yes sauerkraut. Cook was not much difficulty. And if someone called master cabbage, this meant that no matter what good he's not fit.

The roaring of the Beluga

The roaring of the Beluga

Value. Loud shout or cry.

Origin. "It is like a fish" - this is known long ago. And suddenly the roaring of the Beluga? It turns out that it wasn't about the Beluga, and the white whale, the so-called polar Dolphin. Here it really roars very loudly.

The bone of contention

The Apple of discord

Value. What creates conflict, serious contradictions.

Origin. Peleus and Thetis, the parents of the hero of the Trojan war, Achilles, forgot to invite to your wedding goddess of discord Eridu. Eris was very upset and secretly threw it on the table, followed by feasting gods and mortals, a Golden Apple; on it was written: "the most Beautiful". Arose a dispute between the three goddesses: the wife of Zeus Hero, Athena is a virgin goddess of wisdom, and the beautiful goddess of love and beauty Aphrodite. Judge between them was elected as the youth of Paris, son of king Priam of Troy. Paris gave the Apple to buy his Aphrodite, Aphrodite because it made the wife of king Menelaus, the beautiful Helen, love the boy. Leaving behind her husband, Helen went to Troy, and to avenge this insult, the Greeks began a long war with the Trojans. As you can see, the Apple of Eris (and actually led to discord.

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