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Patriotic upbringing of the children / Story songs of Victory

Songs of the great Patriotic war 1941 - 1945 gg (Songs of the great Victory)

Ballad of a soldier

Field, along the banks are steep,
Past the hut
In the gray overcoat member
It was a soldier.
It was a soldier, barriers not knowing
It was a soldier, losing friends,
Went on without a halt,
Went ahead of the soldiers.
He went on stormy nights
In the rain, and hail.
Song with friends front
Sang soldiers.
Singing soldiers, swallowing tears,
Sang about Russian birch,
About brown eyes,
About the house his father
Sang in the path of the soldiers.
As if rooted to the shoulder of the soldier
Machine -
Everywhere their sworn enemies
Beat soldiers.
Beat soldiers near Smolensk,
Beat soldiers in the village of " n " street,
Bullets not counting,
Eyes closing,
Beat the enemies soldiers.
Field, along the banks are steep.
Past the hut
In the gray overcoat member
It was a soldier.
It was a soldier, a servant of the Motherland,
It was a soldier in the name of life,
Land saving,
The world protecting,
Went ahead soldier!

This song was first heard in the movie "In time", dedicated to the tragic days of 1941. In the film, whose script was written by the famous screenwriter that Gabrilovichtells about the fate of ordinary Soviet people, heroically defending Moscow.

The music for the film was written by the composer B. N. Solovyov-Sedoy. Them together with the poet M. L. Matusovsky written and song, a melody which sounds already in the Overture to the picture, and then runs through the whole movie until finally finds the words in the final to sound like a hymn soldier feat. The authors called the song "ballad of a soldier". However, as repeatedly emphasized Vasily Pavlovich, this song is absolutely not a ballad. When he read the script and already watched the footage, I realized that the music for the film requires epic songs warehouse. He wanted it sounded as if measuring steps soldier steps history: for centuries, when it was necessary. would defend her native land of fearless warriors and soldiers of Suvorov, and soldiers Kutuzov, and capelets, and private Alexander Matrosov, closed chest embrasure of the enemy bunker, and Alyosha Skvortsov released from the screens of the country two years earlier film Grigory Chukhrai, the name of which it is not by chance coincides with the name of the song. It was written under the impression of this world-famous paintings.

A rare case in practice Solovyev-Sedoy: composer, who loved to saturate movies songs, here left "Ballad" only. In his book "Ways" V. P. Solov'yov-Sedoy remembered created this song: "at First I did the infamous song "fish", that is set there words, and then composed the melody. Showed all the Matusovsky. And one day he wrote a beautiful text.

"This is the first and only with my Solovyov-Sedoy song, written at ready music, commented memories of his friend and collaborator on many wonderful, popularly known songs Mikhail Lvovich Matusovsky. - I don't like and are afraid of otextbox. And then could not resist the impression made on me by the music of the future song, expressive, excited me to the core. Each musical phrase itself suggests, was forced to find its corresponding verb, walked, sang, beat. This music has dictated the form. And when I "caught" is a completely adequate solution to both of us, it became clear that the song took place..."

In recognition and deep conviction of the poet, in this it Solovyov-Sedoy song, as in no other, they managed to condense the feelings and thoughts associated with the great Patriotic war".

For Masonic lodges of Matusovsky the war began on the Western front, where he was placed with its first days as a front-line correspondent, witnessed and participated in the battles. Especially memorable was for him the days and weeks that followed the battle of Smolensk in 1941. Therefore, probably, and said they are in "Ballad of a soldier" line: "soldiers Beat them at Smolensk..." Then there was the battle of Moscow, North-Western front... All thought and said in his work.

"Ballad of a soldier very soon was included in the repertoire of the red banner song and dance ensemble of the Soviet Army named Century A. Alexandrov.

Victory day.

Victory day, as he was far away from us,
As in the fire extinct melted ember.
Were miles out, in the dust -
This day we were close as could.

This Victory Day
The powder smelled,
This holiday
Graying at the temples.
It's a joy
With tears in his eyes.
Victory Day!
Victory Day!
Victory Day!

Days and nights in the open-hearth furnaces
He could not close our homeland eyes.
Days and nights battle hard fought -
This day we were close as could.


Hello, mother, returned't we all...
Barefoot to run on the dew!
Half of Europe marched, half-Land, -
This day we were close as could.

The history of the creation of the song.

In March 1975, the poet Vladimir Kharitonov turned to David Tukhmanov with the proposal to create a song dedicated to the great Patriotic war. The country was preparing for the 30th anniversary of the Victory, and at the composers ' Union was a competition for the best song about the war.

Just a few days before the end of the Century competition, Kharitonov gave his poems to co-author. David Tukhmanov very quickly wrote the music, and the song managed to pass on the last audition of the competition.

But no place song "Victory Day" did not take. Not only that, the song caused a painful, sharp reaction from senior colleagues D. Tukhmanov, against the songs sounded very harsh words immediately became known to the radio and television.

The reason was the music and its author. The poet Century, Kharitonov was a veteran of the war, the songs on his poems in 1950-ies wrote crowned with laurels composers (Anatoly Novikov, Vano Muradeli, etc.). And David Tukhmanov was a young author, known only from the pop hits. In those days all the music policy was determined by the leadership of the Union of composers, that is mostly very elderly people. Age 30 years were considered immature. In the opinion of management of the Union of composers, as well as a TV and radionuclidic, Tukhmanov could not match the status of the author of the song of national importance.

Although D. Tukhmanov already created the hit "Last train", "These eyes opposite", "White dance", "a song about the shoemaker", "I love you, Russia", "guzulescu", "My address is the Soviet Union", "what a wonderful world" and many others, no titles and prizes, except Moscow Komsomol prize, he was not yet. And because he, having a diploma as a professional composer and wrote three dozen popular songs, only in 1973, with difficulty, was admitted to the Union of composers.

There was also a second "minus" in the song "Victory Day" were heard syncopation (in music - offset rhythmic support with a strong share of the quantum weak, i.e. the discrepancy between rhythmic emphasis from metric.) and the items are not the tango, the Foxtrot. As a result the song was banned. The song never missed a broadcast - either on radio or on television.

Some of the former heads of state television and radio, which now talk about how they became the "godfathers" of the song "Victory Day", were actually those censors who did not pass the song on the air. And without ether song as it had never existed.

The first performer of the song "Victory Day" was Leonid Smetannikov. He performed it on filming "Blue light" on the eve of 9 may 1975. Only in November 1975 in concert devoted to the Day of police, Lev Leshchenko (actually deceiving TV guide) sang "Victory Day" live on television. The audience immediately took the song, and "Victory Day" was performed again for an encore. Then the song started to sing the whole country.

"Victory day" for a long time exists in the form of a March that is performed by orchestras in many countries of the world

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