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FROM YEARS AND OLDER / grow up children

13 - 14 months. Walking without support. 18 MONTHS. Walk up and down stairs without support.

2 years. Runs, runs back, picks up from the ground objects, without losing balance.

2.5 years. Holds the balance, standing on miskah, jumping on two feet.

3 years. Can stand on one leg, up and down the stairs, moving one leg, and then putting on the same rung of the second leg; jumping; running waddled. The child cannot be changed on the run direction, slows down, if you ask him to jump, and can hardly squat and bend your knees while jumping.

for 4 years. Up and down the stairs, landing with one foot on each step; good control of himself on the run; may abruptly start moving, stop and turn around, but it is possible to change the speed, he must first stop. He can do about eight jumps in a row on one leg, climbs and descends on a child's ladder in the yard and makes successive steps, walking on the curb. If the child is able to jump over the rope, it does it on straight legs. Most Dega at this age is able to jump over obstacles.

5 years. The child is able to jump rope, alternating feet; running at a gallop, from either the left or right foot; running, safe, changing speed and direction, not stopping to do this. Makes ten or more hops PA one leg. Ri-about seven out of ten children can climb a ladder or rope. The child easily jumps; using hands, squating to push and bend the knees when landing to soften the force of impact.

In the preschool years, the child grows up every year for 50 - 75 mm And gaining about 2.6 kg

Bones

Your baby's bones will continue to grow, and as limb bones grow faster than the bones of the trunk, change the body proportions of a child. An increasing number of small bones of the wrist (the wrist of an adult consists of nine bones, while the newborn only three). A two year age-old spring (covered with a membrane, the space between the bones of the skull) will be closed.

The brain

The efficiency of the brain depends on thousands of interconnections between brain cells. The word "cell" gives the wrong impression about brain cells, which in reality is more like trees whose branches are drawn in different directions, in order to be weaved with branches of other cells. If you represent all large branches, small branches and twigs of a tree, and then all the veins of each leaf, you will get an idea of how many of each cell interactions with other cells. Every last vein communicates. If you then imagine all the roots and lateral branches of the roots, you will get an idea of how many other cells interacts with the brain cells.

Despite the fact that the majority of brain cells available to the moment of birth, between them there are not enough links. And similarly, not all of them are in their place. First, they are moved into place, and then begin to establish links. In the process of linking the brain increases its weight from 350 g to 1.35 kg, for the most part in the first two or three years of life. Simultaneously with the formation of relationships, the brain begins to destroy those that are no longer needed. When your child is about two years, his brain will begin to reject these relationships.

At the same time, the process of myelination (the formation of the myelin sheath around nerve cells). Myelin is a fatty sheath that covers the nerves, much like the plastic insulation on electrical cables, and thanks to her, the pulses pass through them faster. (If you take into consideration that multiple sclerosis is a disease in which the myelin sheath is broken, you will understand its importance.)

What can you do

All that learns the child is of preschool age, he learns that looking at someone and then trying to do the same. The child continues to try until you succeed. Finding primary skill, he brings it to perfection. Most mobile games are training those skills that the child has already acquired. There will come a time when the child will be like to jump from the stairs to the mountain of pillows or walk on a log, holding your hand.

How to teach a child to walk.

Go for a walk without a wheelchair is not necessary to go far (planning trips, consider the length of the step kid). Walk in the night the city lights, is great fun.

How to encourage running.

Most children do not require stimulation to play tag and run around to the music. Games such as "Sea piece on the place stand still"allow children to practice their ability sharply to stay in the stillness; playing tag, children learn to Dodge sharply to start running and stop.

The walk back.

Does your child get back through the maze of pillows? He certainly can reach them and then fall. If he could go back, put on their coats backwards? o How to help your child to develop a sense of balance How quickly a child can collect their toys? Can he collect them all before you run out of music? Whether it be running around the garden, collecting leaves in a little basket? Place the stones on which you can walk around the pond with sharks (paper plates around the Mat), or give the child the opportunity to walk on the balance beam. Set this two shelves on two piles of books.

Jumping

Play horses, taking obstacles (the best option these obstacles, perhaps, will be a pile of pillows). The majority of children receive great pleasure in jumping on one leg or running as fast as they can.

Jumping on one leg

All known children's game as "Classes".

The ascent and descent of stairs

The earlier a child learn how to climb and descend stairs, the sooner he will learn to be careful, but don't make the conclusion that your child is already quite conscious, he may try to raise or lower the stairs with something heavy, such as a Bicycle. The ascent and descent on a metal ladder in the yard is a good workout. Check is it safe surface they are installed and do not release children's eyes while they play.

Arrange steeplechase

Even very small children can climb over obstacles and slump them. Arrange the tunnel behind the sofa, make a path of stones by means of pads, climb on the coffee table. Trails with obstacles for Biking, develop a sense of space and teach the child to change direction and stop.

Upstairs...

Additional materials:
From infant to child From baby to baby

Here are the changes you can expect from your child, and age boundaries, in which you can expect to see them all together, they contribute to the transformation of your baby in the baby. But remember that all children are different and develop at different speeds: your child may develop faster or slower in one or more of these areas.

As children grow? As children grow?

Your baby's bones will continue to grow, and as limb bones grow faster than the bones of the trunk, change the body proportions of a child. An increasing number of small bones of the wrist (the wrist of an adult consists of nine bones, while the newborn only three). A two year age-old spring (covered with a membrane, the space between the bones of the skull) will be closed.

How to accustom the child to the potty How to accustom the child to the potty

Most parents can tell when their one-year-old child is going to go to the toilet: children can be very regular in their habits, and can also strain or become red. If you will regularly be planted his one-year-old child on the potty at the right time, you will likely be able in a few days without a dirty diaper, but this does not mean that your child has learned to control himself. The children are ready, only when they have enough will develop the muscles, which in most cases occurs by the age of between 18 months and 2.5 years. No matter how long you have spent the effort to teach the child, he is unlikely to be a dry day and night, until he turns around two and a half years, and many children PA training requires much more time.

The identity of the child The identity of the child

Self-awareness is the understanding that you have you that when you Wake up tomorrow, you will still be you. The concept of "I" is not innate. If you magnete lipstick spout six months of the child and then put him in front of the mirror, he was looking at the reflection, but will not show any interest in his red nose. In twelve months he will reach out and touch the mirror and can even touch the reflection of his red nose. Sometimes the child may even find a little girl behind the mirror. But your daughter does not know that the little girl with the red nose is it. In 21 months child with smeared lipstick nose will look at your reflection and begin to RUB your own nose.

Baby tantrums Baby tantrums

Most children are hysterical. In each generation year-old children significantly more than half arrange hysterics because of the constant causes almost daily. Some start early, some later. Some tantrums continue for many years, and some never hysterics Middle child, who are angry, happy for one day, and the average tantrum lasts about five minutes. But some of the children happens more than five a day, and some tantrums last more than an hour.

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