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Handbook of drugs for children /
AND B IN G D C AND K L M N O P R WITH T Y F X C E
BEFORE USING MEDICATION SHOULD CONSULT A DOCTOR!

POTASSIUM OROTATE (KALH OROTAS)

CALPOL (CALPOL)

KANAMYCIN (KANAMYCIN)

CAPTOPRIL (CAPTOPRIL)

CARNITINE CHLORIDE (CARNITINI CHLORIDUM)

KETOTIFEN (KETOTIFEN)

CLARITIN (CLARITINE)

CLENBUTEROL (CLENBUTEROL)

THE CORDARONE (CORDARON)

CORENTIN (CORONTINUM)

CORTISONE (CORTISONUM)

KROMOLIN-SODIUM (CROMOLYN SODIUM)

XYMELIN (XYMELIN)

THE CHIMES (CURANTYL)

POTASSIUM OROTATE (KALH OROTAS)

Synonyms. Diuron, Orotic, Orour.

The composition and release form. A synthetic drug. Active ingredient : potassium salt orotovoy acid. Release tablets of 0.1 g (for children) and 0.5 g (for adults) in a package of 50 and 10 units respectively.

Medicinal properties. Pharmapolis anabolic drug. He has a General stimulating effect on metabolism.

Indications for use. In combination therapy in heart failure, heart rhythm disorders, malnutrition in children, progressive muscular dystrophy. With intense physical activity.

Application rules. Inside 1 hour before a meal or 4 hours after a meal. Daily dose for children: 10-15 mg/kg body weight in 2-3 intakes. The treatment 3-5 weeks.

The side effects. Allergic dermatitis, diarrhoeal phenomenon. The drug in high doses can cause liver dystrophy when malobelkovaya diet.

Contraindications. Hypersensitivity to the drug.

CALPOL (CALPOL)

A synonym. Paracetamol.

The composition and release form. A synthetic drug. The active substance is paracetamol. Release: 1) 2,4% suspension for children in vials of 70 ml; 2) 5% suspension in vials of 100 ml

Medicinal properties. Has analgesic, antipyretic and anti-poor action.

Indications for use. The pain of mild or moderate intensity (headache, migraine, neuralgia, toothache, pain caused by teething, sore throat, rheumatic pain), fever with flu, cold.

Application rules. Inside. Single dose: for children from 6 to 12 years - 0,24-of 0.48 g (10-20 ml of suspension); from 1 year to 5 years - 0.12 to 0.24 g (5-10 ml of suspension); from 3 months to 1 year - 0,06-0,12 g (2.5-5 ml of suspension). Take 4 times a day at intervals of not less than 4 hours.

The side effects. Allergic reactions like skin rash, itching, urticaria.

Contraindications. Hypersensitivity to paracetamol.

Special instructions. Calpol not recommended in children under the age of 3 months. With caution if impaired liver and kidney. Before use, the suspension should be thoroughly shaken. The drug should not be diluted.

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KANAMYCIN (KANAMYCIN)

Synonyms. Kanamycin sulfate, Kanamycin monosulfat.

The composition and release form. Antibiotic groups, amino-glycosides. Release: 1) tablets kanamycin monosulfata of 0.125 and 0.25 grams in a package of 10 pieces; 2) powder kanamycin sulfate for preparation of solution for injection in vials of 0.5 and 1 g; 3) 5% solution for injection, kanamycin sulfate injection in 5 and 10 ml.

Medicinal properties. Has antimicrobial activity.

Indications for use. Used only for infections of the gastrointestinal tract (dysentery, dysentery nositelstvo, bacterial enterocolitis), caused by susceptible to microoganisms, as well as for the renovation of the bowel in preparation for operations on the gastrointestinal tract. Kanamycin sulfate is used to treat severe purulent-septic diseases (sepsis, meningitis, peritonitis), infectious vospaliteleny of respiratory diseases (pneumonia, lung abscess, and so on), infections of the kidneys and mahavidya ways, purulent complications in the postoperative period, infectious burns. Also used for treatment of tuberculosis.

Application rules. Intramuscularly. Daily dose for children: up to 1 year one year; 1-5 years - 0.3 g; over 5 years - 0.3 to 0.5, the Maximum daily dose of 15 mg/kg of body weight. The daily dose divided into 2-3 introduction.

The side effects. Possible inflammation of the auditory nerve (sometimes with irreversible hearing loss), kidney dysfunction, allergic reactions.

Contraindications. The liver and kidneys (except tuberculous lesions), lesions of the auditory nerve, acute otitis media

Special instructions. The use of kanamycine in premature infants and infants of the first year of life allows cj. only for health reasons. It is not permitted to combine of kanamycin with other antibiotics that adversely affect the kidneys and the organ of hearing (streptomycin, monomitsin, neomycin, florimitsin and others). Kanamycin can be applied not earlier than 10-12 days after the end of treatment with these antibiotics. You should not use kanamycin with furosemide and other diuretics drugs.

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CAPTOPRIL (CAPTOPRIL)

Synonyms. Capoten, Lingiari, Apocope, Astsn, Catopril, Tensiomin.

The composition and release form. A synthetic drug. Release tablets to 0.0125, of 0.025, 0.05 and 0.1 g in a package of 20, 30, 40, or 100 pieces

Medicinal properties. Causes expansion of peripheral blood vessels, lowering blood pressure, reduces the load on the heart, improves blood circulation in the lungs and respiratory function, improves blood circulation in the kidneys.

Indications for use. Hypertension, heart failure, increased pressure in the vessels of the pulmonary circulation (pulmonary hypertension).

Application rules. Inside. Usual dose: 0.3 mg/kg-body. If necessary, the dose may be increased or decreased.

The side effects. Allergic reactions, abnormal taste sensations, pain in the abdomen, headache, loss of appetite, tachycardia; possible irritant dry cough.

Contraindications. Hypersensitivity to the drug.

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CARNITINE CHLORIDE (CARNITINI CHLORIDUM)

Synonyms. Dolotin, Novin.

The composition and release form. A synthetic drug. Produce a 20% solution in vials of 25 and 100 ml.

Medicinal properties. Has an anabolic effect: causes an increase in appetite, accelerate growth and increase body weight.

Indications for use. Cardiomyopathy, myocarditis, lack of appetite (anorexia), wasting, stunting.

Application rules. Inside. Children up to 1 year appoint 0.03-0.075 g (4-10 drops of 20% solution) 3 times a day, from 1 year to 6 years - 0.1 g (14 drops of 20% solution), from 6 to 12 years-0.2-0.3 g (28-42 drops) 2-3 times a day. Treatment 1 month. Prepared 20% solution of the drug can be diluted with 5% glucose solution or add to juice, compote, cisely.

The side effects. Possible pain in the epigastric region.

Contraindications. Is not installed.

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KETOTIFEN (KETOTIFEN)

Synonyms. Zaditen, Asthafen, Ketasma.

The composition and release form. A synthetic drug. Release: 1) pills to 0,001 g in a package of 30 pieces; 2) 0.02% syrup (5 ml 0.001 g) in vials of 100 ml

Medicinal properties. Has anti-allergic effect.

Indications for use. For prevention of bronchial asthma, allergic rhinitis, and dermatitis.

Application rules. Inside during the meal. Children are preferable to appoint in the form of syrup. Children older than 3 years but 1 tea spoon 2 times a day or 1 tablet 2 times a day.

The side effects. Possible drowsiness, dry mouth, dizzy, weak, slow mental reaction, usually disappears in a few days after the start of treatment. Rarely gastrointestinal disorder, increased appetite and associated weight gain.

Contraindications. Hypersensitivity to the drug.

Special instructions. Therapeutic effect of ketotifen develops slowly over 1-2 months.

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CLARITIN (CLARITINE)

A synonym. Loratadine.

The composition and release form. Release: 1) 10 mg tablets - 10 and 30 pcs. per pack; 2) the syrup in bottles of 120 ml (in 1 ml of syrup 1 mg loratidine).

Medicinal properties. Has anti-allergic effects, which begins within 30 minutes after ingestion and lasts for 24 hours.

Indications for use. Allergies of the respiratory tract, allergic rhinitis, allergodermatit, urticaria.

Application rules. Inside children aged 2 to 12 years - 5 mg (1/2 tablet or 1 teaspoonful of syrup); over 12 years of age and body weight over 30 kg - 10 mg 1 time per day. Treatment - 1-2-4 weeks.

The side effects. Rarely anxiety, headache, nausea.

Contraindications. Hypersensitivity to the drug.

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CLENBUTEROL (CLENBUTEROL)

A synonym. Spiropent.

The composition and release form. A synthetic drug. Active substance - benzoimidazole hydrochloride. Release: 1) tablets (1 tablet - 20 mcg clenbuterol) pack of 60 PCs; 2) syrup (1 ml of syrup - 1 mcg clenbuterol hydrochloride) in bottles of 100 and 130 ml.

Medicinal properties. Possesses anti-asthma and bronchodilatory effect; reduces swelling of the bronchi.

Indications for use. Bronchial asthma and other diseases of the respiratory tract, accompanied by obstruction of bronchus; lung emphysema.

Application rules. Inside for long-term treatment of children older than 12 years appoint 0.5-1 tablet or 5-10 ml syrup 2-3 times a day. Young children - in the form of syrup: 10 to 25 ml 2 times a day. After removal of bronchospasm dose can be reduced in 2 times.

The side effects. Dry mouth, trembling of hands, nausea, palpitation.

Contraindications. Hypersensitivity to the drug; thyrotoxicosis; arrythmia.

Special instructions. Avoid penetration of the drug into the eye, especially in glaucoma.

Storage conditions. Tablets store in a place protected from direct sunlight place the syrup in a dry, protected from light; storage temperature range of 15-30 °C; shelf life - 3 years.

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THE CORDARONE (CORDARON)

A synonym. Amiodarone.

The composition and release form. A synthetic drug. Active ingredient : amiodarone hydrochloride. Release: 1) tablets 0,2 g in a package of 30 pieces; 2) 5% solution for injection in ampoules of 3 ml

Medicinal properties. Has antiarrhythmic action; dilates coronary vessels.

Indications for use. Arrhythmia, chronic coronary insufficiency.

Application rules. Inside before eating; intravenously. Single dose for ingestion: 0,003-0,005 g/kg of body weight 2 times a day. A single intravenous dose: 5 mg/kg body weight (0.1 ml/kg), injected slowly for 2-3 minutes, then move to a drip within from 3 minutes to 2 hours. Before the introduction of the solution Corda-Ron diluted with 5% glucose solution.

The side effects. Nausea, constipation, loss of appetite, muscle weakness, bradycardia, heart failure, allergic reactions and other

Contraindications, disorders of atrioventricular conduction disease, bradycardia, hypothyroidism, asthma, lower blood pressure, increased sensitivity to iodine.

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Special instructions. With long-term treatment with cordarone should regularly monitor the function of the thyroid gland; required examinations by an ophthalmologist.

CORENTIN (CORONTINUM)

Synonyms. Corentin Forte, Prenilamin, Fedecor.

The composition and release form. A synthetic drug. Release tablets 0.015 and 0.06 g in a package of 30 and 20 units respectively.

Medicinal properties. Expands coronary vessels.

Indications for use. Coronary heart disease, angina, coronary insufficiency.

Application rules. Inside of 5-10-15 mg 2-3 times a day depending on age.

The side effects. Allergic reactions, diarrhoeal phenomenon.

Contraindications. Cardiac conduction.

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CORTISONE (CORTISONUM)

The composition and release form. A synthetic drug. The active agent of cortisone acetate. Release: 1) tablets 0.025 and 0.05 g in a package of 80 units; 2) a 2.5% suspension for injection in vials of 10 ml

Medicinal properties. Has anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic effect; suppresses the immune system; has significant influence on carbohydrate metabolism.

Indications for use. Collagenosis, rheumatism, arthritis, bronchial asthma, leukemia, neurodermatitis, eczema, Addison disease, insufficiency of the adrenal cortex, pancreatitis, shock and collapse with surgical interventions.

Application rules. Inside. Doses in the first days of treatment depends on the severity of the disease: for younger children - a 0.125-0.025 g 3 times a day, school age - 0.025 g 3 times a day. Then the dose is gradually reduced to the minimum sufficient to maintain therapeutic effect. Cortisone should be taken strictly on prescription and under the supervision of a physician.

The side effects. Swelling, increased blood pressure, increased excretion of potassium from the body, increased blood sugar, increased appetite, weight gain, excessive hair growth, acne, menstrual disorders, decreased resistance to infectious diseases, syndrome Itsenko - Cushing syndrome, osteoporosis, mental and neurological disorders, increased intracranial pressure, increased blood clotting, erosive-ulcerative lesions of the gastrointestinal tract.

Contraindications. Peptic ulcer and 12 duodenal ulcer in acute phase, Cushing disease, predisposition to thromboembolism, renal failure, high blood pressure, systemic mycosis, the vaccination (vaccination), the active form of tuberculosis, glaucoma, diabetes, psychosis, recent surgery.

Special instructions. During treatment it is necessary to control intraocular pressure and corneal status. In children during long-term treatment requires careful monitoring of growth and development. Children during treatment were exposed to measles or chickenpox, prophylaxis designate specific immunoglobulins.

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KROMOLIN-SODIUM (CROMOLYN SODIUM)

Synonyms. Intal, Ifinal, Lobosol. The composition and release form. A synthetic drug. Release capsules for inhalation 0.02 g in a package of 100 pieces

Medicinal properties. Has anti-allergic effect.

Indications for use. Bronchial asthma (to prevent seizures).

Application rules. Used in the form of powder capsules for inhalation. Spraying powder and its inhalation is produced using a special pocket turbomaster, which put the capsule with the drug. Clicking on the top (the lid) of the inhaler punctured capsule and powder inhalation enters the respiratory tract. For emptying the capsules requires 4 energetic breath. Children prescribed 1 capsule 4 times a day. Inhalation aerosol 1-2 doses 4 times a day.

The side effects. Possible cough and intermittent bronchospasm. To calm the cough is to drink a glass of water immediately after inhalation.

Contraindications. Hypersensitivity to the drug, the age of 5 years.

Special instructions. Used with caution in patients with liver and kidneys.

The effect of the drug develops gradually. The full effect is usually 2-4 weeks. Treatment should be prolonged. With the abolition of the drug may resume attacks.

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XYMELIN (XYMELIN)

A synonym. Xylometazoline.

The composition and release form. Release: 1) drops for intranasal application of 0.05 and 0.1% 10 ml vial; 2) spray for intranazalnogo application of 0.05 and 0.1% to 15 ml vial.

Medicinal properties. Has a vasoconstrictor effect, eliminates swelling of the mucous membrane of the nose and throat.

Indications for use. Acute rhinitis, respiratory infection, otitis media.

Application rules. Children aged 1 to 6 years nasal drops 0.05% by 1-2 drops in each nostril 1-2 times a day, no more than 3 times a day. Course - no more than 3 days!

Children over 6 years of 0.05 and 0.1% in the form of a spray, 1 injection in each nostril 2-3 times a day.

The side effects. Burning sensation in nose, dryness in the nose. Nausea, headache.

Contraindications. Hypersensitivity to the drug.

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THE CHIMES (CURANTYL)

Synonyms. Dipyridamole, Persantin, Trombone.

The composition and release form. A synthetic drug. Active substance - dipyridamole. Issue; 1) drops 0.025 and 0.075 g in a package of 40 and 100 pieces; 2) 0.5% solution for injection in ampoules of 2 ml

Medicinal properties. Expands coronary vessels; improves microcirculation.

Indications for use. Prevention and treatment of disseminated intravascular coagulation syndrome; infectious abortion, sepsis, nephritis and vasculitis.

Application rules. Inside on an empty stomach 1 hour before meals. Children over 10 years prescribed 1 pill (0.025 g) 1-2 times a day. The treatment can be from several weeks to several months.

The side effects. Headache, palpitations, facial flushing, tachycardia, gastrointestinal disorders, allergic skin reactions.

Contraindications. Severe heart rhythm disorders, predisposition to bleeding, severe renal failure.

Special instructions. To reduce nausea and heaviness in the stomach, the chimes can be taken with milk.

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