Male infertility - the inability of Mature male body to fertilize.
The main causes of male infertility:
- infection of the genitals;
- endocrine pathology;
- violation of the outflow of blood from the testicles - varicocele;
- violation of the quality and/or quantity of sperm.
The combination of two or more factors of infertility was diagnosed in 30-35% of patients. Often the causes of male infertility are becoming commonplace sexual disorders (all types of impotence). However, the lack of an erection with a woman is not really about infertility men in General, though, and leads to the impossibility of normal fertilization. That is, a man diagnosed with impotence can potentially be plotosidae, sexually successful than his brother.
Undoubtedly, extremely important and psychological help men suffering from infertility. Depression and anxiety, fear of failure, inferiority complex and a blow to the pride of men need the same attention and treatment, as women, are not able to become pregnant. Through the brain and the sex glands of normal emotional state can improve the standard treatment, boost immunity, balance metabolism and to help welcome fertilization.
The process of formation of male gametes occurs in the testes and continuously takes 72-74 days (during this time spermatogonia turn into sperm). After the development of the sperm from the testicles come in epididymis (epididymis) and stay there until ejaculation. In the moment of ejaculation sex cells are mixed with a secret of a prostate gland and seminal vesicles. The resulting mixture (sperm) is emitted to the outside through the urethra.
For conception, you need a certain amount of normal sperm (2-6 ml containing more than 20 million spermatozoa/ml).
The main reasons. The optimal temperature although sperm production is 34°C. Prolonged fever (for example, when respiratory disease) affects the number of sperm and their motility. So within two to three months after the disease in men may experience temporary problems with fertilization.
The temperature of testicles increases also due to varicocele is a varicose veins of the spermatic cord (disturbed outflow of blood from the testicles). Varicocele is one of the most common causes of male infertility.
Pathology of semen can be caused by various factors: inflammation of the testicle (complications from mumps, testicular trauma, the use of the drug diethylstilbestrol, steroids, drugs, alcohol abuse. Lead to the pathology of the sperm capable of hormonal diseases and viruses that cause delay in the production of testosterone.
Often lead to infertility anatomical abnormalities: blockade or underdevelopment of the VAS and semyavynosyaschih ducts, and seminal vesicle hypoplasia. Causes of male infertility and retrograde ejaculation of semen through the urethra in the opposite direction (to the bladder). This is more frequently observed in men who underwent surgery to remove the prostate gland and diabetes. Sometimes retrograde ejaculation occurs due to neurological disease.
Diagnosis. The main method of diagnosis of male infertility is the analysis of semen. Before conducting the study it is recommended to restrain from sex for two to three days. Usually the sperm sample is taken directly in the laboratory (by Masturbation is called ejaculation in a clean glass test tube).
For more accurate results is investigated several samples of sperm. Is determined by the volume of ejaculate, its viscosity (the duration of thinning should not exceed 1 hour), color (normal milk), acid o-alkaline balance (pH level in the normal 7-8), sperm concentration (not less than 20 million/ml)and motility, shape and structure of the sperm. Upon detection of pathology of the sperm analysis for the final diagnosis must be repeated.
Effective treatment is possible with the establishment of the immediate causes of male infertility. For the treatment of male infertility are different modern drugs: testosterone, mesterolone, testelin, human chorionic gonadotropin, cialis, viagra, speman, yohimbine, etc. means.
For example, clomiphene to increase the content of seminal fluid sperm. However, to reduce the percentage of damaged germ cells and to increase their mobility the product is not capable of.
Varicose veins of the spermatic cord can be treated surgically.
The lack of normal sperm effectively artificial insemination first portion of the sperm that contains the maximum number of active germ cells. To this end also uses the so-called washed spermatozoa. Ejaculate repeatedly washed with a special composition, and then a pop-up (i.e., the most motile) sperm collected for insemination of the egg.