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Patriotic upbringing of the children / Marshals of the great Patriotic war
Semyon Mikhailovich Budyonny

Semyon Mikhailovich Budyonny

(13 (25) April 1883 - October 26, 1973) was a Soviet military commander, participated in the Civil war, commander of the First Cavalry army, one of the first Marshals of the Soviet Union, three times Hero of the Soviet Union.

During the great Patriotic war (1941 - 1945) was a part of the Supreme command, was commander of the army group reserve Rate, was commander of the South-Western direction, the commander of the Reserve front, was commander of the North Caucasus, commander of the North Caucasian front, the commander of the cavalry of the Soviet Army, a member of the Supreme military Council of the people's Comissariat of defense of the USSR. Made a significant contribution to the further strengthening of the Soviet Army.

Alexander Mikhailovich Vasilevsky

Alexander Mikhailovich Vasilevsky

(18 (30) September 1895 - December 5, 1977) - Marshal of the Soviet Union (1943). During the great Patriotic war A. M. Vasilevsky as chief of the General staff (1942-1945) took an active part in the development and implementation of almost all major operations on the Soviet-German front. From February 1945 he commanded the 3rd Belorussian front, led the storming of königsberg. In 1945 the commander of the Soviet forces in the far East in the war with Japan. One of the greatest military leaders of world war II.

In 1949-1953, the Minister of the armed forces and Minister of defense of the USSR. Twice Hero of the Soviet Union (1944, 1945, he was awarded two orders of the "Victory" (1944, 1945).

During the great Patriotic war (1941 - 1945) - Deputy Generalnogo staff of the red Army - the chief of operations, chief of the General staff of the red Army and concurrently Deputy people's Commissar of defense of the USSR, commander of the 3rd Belorussian front, then Deputy people's Commissar of defense of the USSR. On behalf of the Stakes involved in the development of many key strategic plans. In particular, was one of the creators and performers of the offensive plan of Stalingrad, coordinated actions of multiple fronts in the battle of Kursk, the Belarusian and the East Prussian offensive operations. Under his leadership, in August-September 1945, was successfully implemented in a strategic operation in the defeat of the Japanese Kwantung army.

Kliment Yefremovich Voroshilov

Kliment Yefremovich Voroshilov

(23 January (February 4) 1881 - December 2, 1969) was a Soviet military commander, statesman and party figure, the Civil war, one of the first Marshals of the Soviet Union.

In 1925-1940, the people's Commissar for military and naval Affairs and the people's Commissar of defense of the USSR. In the years 1953-1960 titular head of the Soviet state (Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR). Twice Hero Of The Soviet Union, Hero Of Socialist Labor. Voroshilov holds the record length of stay in the Politburo of the Communist party (CPSU), the Presidium of the CPSU (34 years and a half, 1926-1960).

During the great Patriotic war (1941 - 1945) - member of the Stavka, member of the State defense Committee, the commander of the troops of the North-West, commander of the Leningrad front, the representative Rate of the formation of troops, the representative Rate on the Volkhov front (coordinated actions of the troops of the Leningrad and Volkhov fronts in breaking the siege of Leningrad, the commander of the partisan movement, the Chairman of the trophy Committee under the State Committee of defense, the Chairman of the Commission on the issues of the armistice. Participated in the Moscow conference of the three powers - the USSR, USA and great Britain (1941), at the Tehran conference of the leaders of the USSR, USA and great Britain (1943).

Leonid Aleksandrovich Govorov

Leonid Aleksandrovich Govorov

(10 (22 February) 1897 - March 19, 1955, Moscow) - Marshal of the Soviet Union (1944), Hero of the Soviet Union (27 January 1945). During the great Patriotic war (1941 - 1945) - the chief of the Artillery Academy of the red Army, chief of artillery of the Western direction, Back front, Deputy commander of the Mozhaisk line harrows, chief of artillery of the Western front, the commander of the 5th army of the Western front, the commander of troops, and then commander of the Leningrad front. Leadership talent is especially evident in the manual actions of the troops for the defense of Moscow, the defense and breaking the siege of Leningrad, the liberation of Estonia, the coordination of the troops of the Leningrad 2nd and 3rd Baltic fronts, in a number of other major operations.

Georgy Konstantinovich Zhukov

Georgy Konstantinovich Zhukov

(November 19 (December 1), 1896 - June 18, 1974) was a Soviet military commander, Marshal of the Soviet Union (1943), the Minister of defense of the USSR (1955-1957). Many believe, K. Zhukov outstanding, the most famous commander of the great Patriotic war, whose name is associated the most glorious victories in the war. Four times Hero of the Soviet Union, holder of two orders of Victory, many other Soviet and foreign orders and medals. After the war he held the post of commander of the army, commanded Odessa, then the Ural military districts. After Stalin's death, he became the first Deputy Minister of defense of the USSR, and from 1955 to 1957 - Minister of defense of the USSR. In 1957 excluded from the Communist party, dismissed from all posts in the army and in 1958 dismissed.

During the great Patriotic war (1941 - 1945) - member Rates Vernovage command, the commander of the Reserve, Leningrad and Western fronts, 1st Deputy people's Commissar of defense of the USSR and Deputy Supreme Commander. Performed coordination. Action fronts at Stalingrad, to lift the siege of Leningrad, the battle at Kursk and the Dnieper. Was clodovil troops of the 1st Ukrainian front. Coordinated the actions of the 1st and 2nd Ukrainian fronts. The final stage of the war he commanded the troops of the 1st Belorussian front.

may 8, 1945, on behalf of the high command took the surrender of Nazi Germany.

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Konev, Ivan Stepanovich

(16 (28) December 1897 - may 21, 1973) was a Soviet military commander, Marshal of the Soviet Union (1944), Hero of the Soviet Union (1944, 1945).

During the great Patriotic war (1941 - 1945) was the commander of the 19th army, the troops of the Western, Kalinin, Western, Steppe, 2nd and 1st Ukrainian fronts. Leadership talent especially widened under the leadership of fighting troops in Smolensk sedenii, in the battle of Moscow, the battle of Kursk, in the Korsun-Shevchenkivsky, Vistula-Oder, Berlin operations.

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Nikolai Gerasimovich Kuznetsov

(11 (24 July 1904, mole crickets, now Kotlas district of the Arkhangelsk region - December 6, 1974, Moscow) - Soviet naval figure, Admiral of the Fleet of the Soviet Union (March 3, 1955), 1939-1947 and 1951-1955 was the head of the Soviet Navy (as people's Commissar of the Navy (1939-1946), naval Minister (1951-1953) and the Commander-in-chief). Member of the Central Committee of the CPSU(b), 1939-1956, Deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR 2 and 4 convocations. One of the most prominent commanders of the great Patriotic war. In the 1950s-1980s, the years of his role in the war is often ignored.

During the great Patriotic war (1941 - 1945) - member of the Stavka, the people's Commissar of the Navy of the USSR, commander-in-chief of the Navy. Confidently led the fighting fleets in the defense of Odessa. Sevastopol, Leningrad and other coastal cities, marine and ocean communications and attacks on Maritime transport opponent. Skillfully interacted oats with ground forces. Supervised the operations of the Pacific fleet in the war with Imperial Japan. Participated in the Yalta and Potsdam conferences of heads of governments of the three allied powers in 1945, the War ended with the rank of Admiral of the fleet at that time the highest rank in the Navy. Admiral of the Fleet of the Soviet Union from 1955

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Rodion Yakovlevich Malinovsky

(23 November 1898, Odessa - March 31, 1967, Moscow), Soviet military commander and statesman. Commander the great Patriotic war, Marshal of the Soviet Union (1944); he is associated with the Iasi-Kishinev operation and the liberation of Romania. Twice Hero of the Soviet Union, people's hero of Yugoslavia.

In 1957-1967 Minister of defense of the USSR, often considered the best defense Minister of the Soviet period. During the great Patriotic war (1941 - 1945) - the commander of the 48th rifle corps, commander of the 6th army, commander of the southern front, the commander of the 66th army, Deputy commander of the Voronezh front, commander of the 2nd guards army, commander of the 2nd Ukrainian front. Leadership talent is especially evident when participating in the battle of Stalingrad, holding Zaporizhzhya, Nikolsko-Krivoy Rog, Odessa, Iasi-Kishinevskay, Debrecen, Budapest, Vienna and other major operations for the liberation of Ukraine, Moldova, Hungary, Austria, Czechoslovakia.

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Kirill A. Meretskov

(June 7, 1897, the village nazarievo Moscow province - December 30, 1968, Moscow) - Soviet military commander, Marshal of the Soviet Union (October 26, 1944), Hero of the Soviet Union (1940).

During the great Patriotic war (1941 - 1945) - Deputy people's Commissar of defense of the USSR for military training, the army commander, the commander of the Volkhov, Karelian fronts. Demonstrated outstanding leadership talent leadership Davtian troops on defense, and then breaking the blockade of Leningrad, liberation. Karelia, the Soviet Arctic, the Northern part of Norway. In the spring of 1945, was appointed commander of the 1st far Eastern front. Under his leadership, in August-September 1945, successfully conducted offensive in Eastern Manchuria and North Korea.

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Konstantin Konstantinovich (Xaverius) Rokossovsky

(Polska. Konstanty Rokossowski, December 21, 1896 - August 3, 1968) was a Soviet military commander, Marshal of the Soviet Union (1944), Marshal of Poland (November 5, 1949).

During the great Patriotic war (1941 - 1945) was the commander of the mechanized corps, 16th army. Was the commander of the Bryansk, Central, Belorussian, and 1st and 2nd Belorussian fronts, where has been manifested by his military talent. Led the fighting troops in the battles of Stalingrad and Kursk, in the defeat of the Nazi forces in Belarus and East Prussia, Eastern Pomerania and Berlin operations.

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Joseph Stalin

(real name - Dzhugashvili, 6 (18) December 1878, according to the official date 9 (21) December 1879 - March 5, 1953) - the Soviet state, political and military figure. General Secretary of the Central Committee of the all-Union Communist party (of Bolsheviks) since 1922, the head of the Soviet Government (Chairman of the Council of people's Commissars c 1941, Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR, 1946), Generalissimo of the Soviet Union (1945).

During the great Patriotic war (1941 - 1945) - Chairman of the Council of people's Commissars of the USSR, Chairman of the state Committee of defense, the Chairman of the Supreme command, the people's Commissar of defense of the USSR, the Supreme commander of the Armed Forces of the USSR. Led by Rate shape with its governing body - the General staff carried out the direct management of military operations, campaign planning and strategic operations. Headed by Stalin Treasury bills, other senior government and political authorities have done a lot of work to mobilize all forces to repel the aggressor and the achievement of victory. As Soviet Premier Stalin participated in Tehran (1943), Crimean (1945) and Potsdam (1945) conferences of the heads of the three powers - the USSR, the USA and the UK.

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Semyon Konstantinovich Timoshenko

(18 February 1895, Formance, Bessarabian province - March 31, 1970) was a Soviet military commander, Marshal of the Soviet Union (1940), twice Hero of the Soviet Union (1940, 1965). In may 1940 - July 1941 the people's Commissar of defense of the USSR.

During the great Patriotic war (1941 - 1945) was a member of the Supreme Commander, Deputy people's Commissar of defense, commander in chief of the Western and South-Western directions, at the same time the commander of the representative Rates on the fronts. Participated in the design and implementation of a number of major combat operations.

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Fyodor Ivanovich Tolbukhin

(4 (16) April 1894 - 17.10.1949) - an outstanding Soviet commander , Marshal of the Soviet Union , Hero of the Soviet Union (posthumously), people's Hero of Yugoslavia, Hero of the people's Republic of Bulgaria (posthumously), knight of the order of Victory.

During the great Patriotic war (1941 - 1945) was chief of staff of the Transcaucasian, then the Caucasian and Crimean war he commanded the 57th and 68th armies at Stalingrad and North-Western fronts, the troops of the South, the 4th and 3rd Yarinsky fronts. Led the fighting troops in the battle of Stalingrad, the liberation of Ukraine, in the Iasi-Kishinev operation, in the liberation of Romania, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia, Hungary and Austria.

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Boris Shaposhnikov

(October 2 (20 September 1882, Chrysostom - March 26, 1945, Moscow) - Marshal of the Soviet Union, an outstanding Soviet military leader and statesman, military strategist.

During the great Patriotic war (1941 - 1945) - chief of staff of the Western direction, the chief of the General staff of the red Army, Deputy people's Commissar of defense of the USSR, head of the Military Academy of the General staff. With his direct participation, proposals were drafted for the preparation and conduct of major operations of the Soviet forces in 1941 - 1942: the battle of Smolensk. Counter-offensive near Moscow and a General assault

The red Army in the winter of 1941/1942, Having a great experience, staff work and control of troops, made a significant contribution to the theory and practice of development of the Armed Forces, their strengthening, training of military personnel, the development of military science.

He was awarded many orders and medals.

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