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Handbook of drugs for children / P.
AND B IN G D C AND K L M N O P R WITH T Y F X C E
BEFORE USING MEDICATION SHOULD CONSULT A DOCTOR!

PANANGIN (PANANGIN)

PANSININ FORTE (PANZINORM FORTE)

PARACETAMOL (PARACETAMOL)

PENICILLAMINE (PENICILLAMIN)

PENICILLIN-V (PENICILUN-V)

PENTALGIN-N (PENTALGIN-N)

PIPERAZINE ADIPATE (WPERAZINE ADIPINATE)

PIRACETAM (PIRACETAM)

PREDNISOLONE (PREDNISOLONE)

PROMEDOL (PROMEDOL)

PULMICORT (PULMICORT)

PULSERA (PULSNORMA)

PANANGIN (PANANGIN)

The composition and release form. A synthetic drug. Active ingredients - potassium aspartate and magnesium aspartate. Release: 1) pills (1 pill - 158 mg of potassium aspartate and 140 mg of magnesium aspartate) in a package of 50 pieces; 2) solution for injection in ampoules of 10 ml (in 1 ml of a solution of 45.2 mg of potassium aspartate and 40 mg of magnesium aspartate) in a package of 5 pieces

Medicinal properties. Possesses antiarrhythmic effect; improves metabolism in the heart muscle; increases tolerance to some drugs (cardiac glycosides).

Indications for use. Cardiac arrhythmias, myocardial, myocarditis.

Application rules. Inside of 0.5-1 tablet 2-3 times a day. Intravenously at a dose rate of 0.5-1.0 ml per year of life.

The side effects. When the drug is taken in high doses, possible facial flushing, thirst, low blood pressure, respiratory depression, cardiac arrhythmia, convulsions.

Contraindications. Acute and chronic renal failure, a significant increase of level of potassium in the blood.

Special instructions. With concomitant use of potassium-sparing diuretics and ACE inhibitors should monitor the level of potassium in the blood. If there predserdy-ventricular blockade to assign the drug is not recommended.

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PANSININ FORTE (PANZINORM FORTE)

The composition and release form. The integrated product. Contains Pancreatin, cholic acid, pepsin, hydrochloride amino acids. Release tablets in a package of 30 pieces

Medicinal properties. Helps to improve and normalize digestion. effect, improves metabolism, increases resistance to hypoxia (oxygen starvation).

Indications for use. Delayed mental and physical development in children, urinary incontinence, epilepsy (in complex therapy); after infection and brain injury; cerebral palsy; stuttering; to eliminate the side effects of some psychotropic drugs (tremor, stiffness).

Application rules. Inside. Single dose: 0.25 to 0.5 g Daily dose: for children up to 1 year 0.5-1 g; from 1 year to 3 years - 1.5-2 g; from 3 to 15 years 2.5-3 years treatment 1-3 months. A second course after a break in 1-3 months.

The side effects. Allergic reactions (rhinitis, conjunctivitis, skin rash).

Contraindications. Hypersensitivity to the drug, acute kidney disease.

Special instructions. With long-term administration is not recommended the appointment of other nootropic and incentive funds.

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PARACETAMOL (PARACETAMOL)

Synonyms. Panadol, Osama, Efferalgan.

The composition and release form. A synthetic drug. Active substance - paracetamola. Release: 1) tablets (1 tablet - 0.2 or 0.5 g of paracetamole-Nola) pack of 10 PCs; 2) the solution for the reception inside (5 ml -0,12 g paraclinical) in bottles of 60 ml; 3) candle rectal adult (in 1 candle - 0.5 g paraclinical) pack of 10 PCs; 4) rectal candles for children (1 candle to 0.05, 0.1 or 0.25 g paraclinical) pack of 10 PCs

Medicinal properties. Has analgesic and mild anti-inflammatory and antipyretic action.

Indications for use. Neuralgia, headache, colds.

Application rules. Inside. Single dose: for children over 12 years - 500-800 mg 2-4 times daily; up to 6 months - 50-70 mg; 6 months to 1 year - 100 mg; from 1 year to 3 years - 100 - 150 mg; from 3 to 6 years - 200-300 mg; from 6 to 12 years - 300-500 mg or 0.01 g/kg of body weight. Maximum daily dose: for children over 12 years - g, up to 6 months - 350 mg, from 6 months to 1 year - 500 mg, from 1 year to 3 years - 750 mg, from 3 to 6 years - 1 year, 6 to 12 years, 1.5 - 2, The side effects. With prolonged use, especially in high doses, possible allergic reactions, toxic effects on the kidneys and liver.

Contraindications. Disorders of the liver, kidney and hematopoietic system.

Special instructions. For maximum effect paracetamol is recommended to be taken in combination with aspirin, caffeine. Not to exceed age dose!

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PENICILLAMINE (PENICILLAMIN)

Synonyms. Artemin, Buntin, Cyprenil.

The composition and release form. A synthetic drug. Active substance - penicillamine. Release capsules (1 capsule - 150 or 250 mg penitsillamin) in a package of 50 pieces

Medicinal properties. Forms complexes with ions of copper, mercury, lead, iron and calcium, and has an immunosuppressive effect.

Indications for use. Poisoning by heavy metals (copper, gold, lead, mercury, cobalt, zinc), rheumatoid arthritis, dermatomiozit, scleroderma, sitepure.

Application rules. Inside, fasting (not eating for 1.5 hours before and after administration). The dose is determined individually.

The side effects. Digestive disorders, bone marrow suppression, fever, joint pain, lymphadenitis, alopecia, allergic reactions.

Contraindications. Hypersensitivity to the drug, agranulocytosis, myasthenia gravis, kidney disease.

Special instructions. The drug is incompatible with antibiotics. During treatment it is necessary to systematically make the blood and urine.

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PENICILLIN-V (PENICILUN-V)

A synonym. Phenoxymethylpenicillin.

The composition and release form. Release film-coated tablets (1 tablet of 250 mg of proximately-cillin potassium), in the package 10, 20 and 100 pieces

Medicinal properties. Has antimicrobial activity against streptococci, pneumococci, meningococci and other

Indications for use. Tonsillitis, bronchitis, pneumonia, otitis media.

Application rules. Inside, the daily dose for children up to 12 years - 50 mg/kg of body weight over 12 years - 1 year; it is divided into 4 admission. The drug must be taken on an empty stomach, 1 hour before meals, aII 2 hours after a meal.

The side effects. Allergic reactions.

Contraindications. Hypersensitivity' to the antibiotics penicillin.

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PENTALGIN-N (PENTALGIN-N)

The composition and release form. Combined product. Release tablets in a package of 10 and 20 units per 1 tablet contains: Metamizole sodium - 300 mg, naproxeno - 100 mg caffeine, 50 mg, codeine phosphate 8 mg, phenobarbital - 10 mg

Medicinal properties. Has analgesic, antipyretic, anti-inflammatory and mild sedative effect.

Indications for use. Pain of different origin (muscle and joint pain, menstrual pain, sciatica, neuralgia, headache and toothache), fever colds accompanied by pain syndrome and inflammation.

Application rules. Inside of ? - ? - 1 tablet 2-3 times a day. The course of treatment is not more than 5 days.

The side effects. Nausea, vomiting, constipation, dizziness, drowsiness, agranulocytosis, reducing the number of leukocytes in the blood.

Contraindications. Peptic ulcer and 12 duodenal ulcer in the acute stage; blood disease; conditions associated with respiratory depression; increased intracranial pressure, head trauma; acute attack of bronchial asthma; severe violations of the liver and kidneys; the age of 10 years; hypersensitivity to the drug.

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PIPERAZINE ADIPATE (WPERAZINE ADIPINATE)

The composition and release form. A synthetic drug, Active ingredient - piperazine adabiyat. Release tablets (1 tablet of 200 mg of piperazine of adipate) pack of 10 PCs

Medicinal properties. Has antihelminthic effect. Quickly absorbed by ingestion.

Indications for use. Ascariasis, enterobiasis.

Application rules. Inside. Children up to 1 year appointed 0.2 g; 2 to 3 years - 0.3 g; from 4 to 5 years - 0.5 g; 6 to < 8 years old - 0,75g; from to 12 year - 1 g; from do 15years-1,5g, once. When enterobioze administered in the same doses for 5 days in a row, spend 1-3 cycles of treatment with 7-day intervals. In the intervals recommended on the night of enema for removal of pinworms from the rectum: 1-3 cups of water with addition of sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) is based '/2 teaspoon of baking soda in a glass of water.

The side effects. Nausea, abdominal pain, intermittent headache, muscle weakness, trembling hands.

Contraindications. Organic diseases of the Central nervous system.

Special instructions. Drug treatment does not require prior preparation. During treatment it is necessary to strictly comply with hygienic regimen.

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PIRACETAM (PIRACETAM)

Synonyms. Nootropil, Parabene. The composition and release form. A synthetic drug. Active ingredient : piracetam. Release: 1) film-coated tablets (1 tablet of 200 mg / kg) in a package of 60 and 120; 2) capsules (1 capsule of 400 mg / kg) pack of 60 PCs; 3) injection of 20% in ampoules of 5 ml (1 ml - 200 mg / kg) pack of 10 PCs

Medicinal properties. The drug acts directly on the brain, improving its function of both healthy and sick people. Does not have setevogo and stimulating action.

Indications for use. Chronic and acute disorders of cerebral circulation, coma and after-coma, after injuries, diseases of the Central nervous system, accompanied by a decrease of the intellect; for the correction of learning in children, especially in the reduced ability of OCR and spelling words that are not associated with mental retardation. Application rules. Inside. Children up to 5 years appoint 0.2 g 3 times a day; from 5 to 16 years - 0,4 g 3 times a day. Intravenous infusion: 5-10 ml of 20% solution in 100-150 ml of 5% glucose solution. The correction reduced learning in children from 8 to 13 years, especially in cases of a decrease in the ability of the OCR, the drug is administered at a dose of 3.3 g per day, which is 8 ml of 20% solution, 2 times a day, for example, before Breakfast and dinner. Treatment should continue throughout the school year.

The side effects. Nervousness, agitation, irritability, anxiety, sleep disorders, gastrointestinal disorders, nausea, vomiting.

Contraindications. Acute renal failure, hypersensitivity to the drug.

Special instructions. In the case of sleep disturbance to cancel evening the drug and attach the dose to the daily intake.

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PREDNISOLONE (PREDNISOLONE)

The composition and release form. A synthetic drug. Active ingredient : prednisone. Release: 1) tablets (1 tablet of 5 mg prednisolone) in a package of 100 pieces; 2) solution for injection in ampoules of 1 ml (in 1 ml of a solution of 30 mg of musipedia hydrochloride) in a package of 3 units; 3) 0.5% ointment in tubes of 10 and 20 g; 4) to 0.3% eye drops in vials of 5 ml

Medicinal properties. Has anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic effect; increases glucose in the blood, promotes the redistribution of adipose tissue.

Indications for use. Diffuse diseases of connective tissue (systemic lupus erythematosus, systemic vasculitis, rheumatoid arthritis and others), rheumatism, acute insufficiency of the adrenal cortex, bronchial asthma, acute and chronic allergic diseases, nephritis, hepatitis, diseases of the haematopoietic system.

Application rules. Inside, during or after a meal. Daily dose for children 1-2 mg/kg of body weight. Dose intramuscular or intravenous: for children from 2 months to 1 year 2-3 mg/kg body weight; from 1 year to 14 years 2-5 mg/kg body weight. Externally: the ointment is applied on the affected areas of skin with a thin layer 2-3 times a day. Eye drops are instilled into the conjunctival SAC of 2 drops 1-3 times a day.

The side effects. Increasing the acidity of the gastric juice, reduce the level of potassium in the blood, atrophy of the adrenal cortex, reduced resistance to infections, increased blood pressure, osteoporosis.

Contraindications. Stomach ulcer of a stomach and 12-lane local ulcer in the acute stage, osteoporosis, psychosis, a severe form of tuberculosis.

Special instructions. Used with caution in diabetes mellitus. With long-term use of prednisolone should eat foods rich in potassium (raisins, apricots, potatoes, tomato, carrot, orange juice). Stop the drug should be gradual. Children, for a long time treated with prednisolone, need to use it for serious diseases.

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PROMEDOL (PROMEDOL)

A synonym. Trimeperidine.

The composition and release form. A synthetic drug. Active substance - Trimeperidine hydrochloride. Release: 1) tablets (1 tablet - 0.025 g of Trimeperidine hydrochloride) in a package of 10 pieces; 2) 1 and 2% solution for injection in ampoules of 1 ml (in 1 ml of 0.01 and 0.02 g of Trimeperidine hydrochloride, respectively) in a package of 5 pieces or in a syringe-tubes (2% solution) and 1 ml

Medicinal properties. Analgesic, narcotic, sedative and antispasmodic action.

Indications for use. Injury, spastic pain, Odysee-cyanotic crises in tetralogy of Fallot.

Application rules. Inside. Children older than 2 years appoint 0.003 to 0.01 g per reception. Subcutaneously administered in a single dose rate of 0.1 ml 1% solution of the year of a child's life.

The side effects. Nausea, vomiting, constipation, respiratory depression, weakness, dizziness, possible drug dependency.

Contraindications. Respiratory failure, total exhaustion, age 2 years.

Special instructions. The drug can be combined with other drugs acting on the Central nervous system (sleeping pills, sedatives, and others).

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PULMICORT (PULMICORT)

The composition and release form. Synthetic glucocorticoid drug. The active substance is budesonide.

Release suspension for inhalation in the container 2 ml (1 dose) (in 1 ml of suspension - 125, 250 and 500 µg budezonida) in a package of 20 containers.

Medicinal properties. Has anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic effect; prevents asthma attacks.

Indications for use. Bronchial asthma.

Application rules. Inhalation of 100-200-800 µg / day in 2-4 intakes.

The side effects. Nervousness, anxiety, depression, rash, urticaria, dermatitis, irritation of the throat, cough, hoarseness, candidiasis of the mouth and pharynx.

Contraindications. Hypersensitivity to the drug.

Special instructions. With caution in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis, fungal and viral infections. To reduce the risk of candidiasis of the oral cavity and pharynx, it is recommended to rinse the mouth with water after each inhalation.

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PULSERA (PULSNORMA)

The composition and release form. Combined product. Release tablets in a package of 50 pieces In 1 tablet contains: application - 30 mg; sparteine sulfate 25 mg; antazoline hydrochloride 50 mg; phenobarbital - 5 mg

Medicinal properties. Has anti-arrhythmic effect, reduces the excitability and contractility of the heart muscle.

Indications for use. Treatment and prevention of cardiac arrhythmia: arrhythmia (supraventricular and ventricular), sinus tachycardia, other arrhythmias.

Application rules. Inside at the time of eating, not chewing. Children, depending on age designate 1/3 - ? -1 drop 2-3 times a day.

The side effects. Nausea, a feeling of heaviness in the stomach, low blood pressure, headache, dizziness.

Contraindications. Sinus bradycardia, severe heart failure, hypersensitivity to the drug.

Special instructions. With caution if impaired liver and kidney function, anemia, hyperpotassemia.

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