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FIRST YEAR / complementary Foods for children over 6 months

Complementary feeding for children aged 6 months

The best food for a newborn baby, of course, is breast the milk of his mother. Up to six months, toddler, located on a natural vskarmlivanii, needs no other liquid and lures. The timing of the introduction of complementary food can be different for different children, sometimes the lure may be eligible for special indications, since 4-5 months, but basically, other food baby start to be introduced from 6 months onwards.

How to determine when your baby is ready for solid foods?

  1. At least the age of 4 months (for full-term infants)
  2. Child doubled the weight from birth. For premature babies coefficient x 2.5.
  3. The child went eject reflex.
  4. The child is able to sit. Can bend the body towards a spoon or lean back, refusing food. Can to control the rotation of the head may in case of refusal to turn away. Or to tilt the head.
  5. If a child is iskusstvennikh, she eats more than a liter of mixture in day, and never eats. If breastfeeding, in each feeding eats both Breasts and wants more.
  6. The child can either hold the Cam and put directly into the mouth.
  7. And most importantly - children show GREAT interest in food parents and want her to try.
  8. The mother is ready to pay attention and time to introduce new meals.
Parents it is advisable to decide in advance what type of lure they elect, and to prepare mentally and financially. In General terms to differentiate the types of complementary foods on pediatric and natural (or teaching, or training).



1 the purpose of the lure

  • the gradual replacement of breast milk to other foods.
  • adaptation of the child to the food niche of the family.
2. How it looks

  • complementary foods are introduced gradually, one group of food at the beginning of one the product, starting with a small number. With good endurance 3-5 days is added to other product from the same group, the number feeding increases gradually. Another group begins to enter after 2-4 weeks; - food for your baby is prepared separately, crushed, feeding the kid mode; gradually breastfeeding replaced the lure. To the year the child receives 4 times a day feeding and day dream chest.
  • the child eats first with the mother of one of the plates;
  • anything special for him not prepared;
  • mom gives small pieces of food - microdose (size the rice), which, passing through the digestive tract without damaging it, go in the same or slightly overcooked; - these pieces begin to produce enzymes, food starts to gradually assimilated and its volume increases.
3. The possible advantages

  • the mother calmly;
  • it is possible to adjust the chair, using the appropriate products (for example, when constipation vegetables; with frequent chair cereal etc);
  • one can clearly observe which product is causing the child allergic or other negative reaction (recommended even keep a food diary);
  • perhaps to feed a higher quality food;
  • replacement of breastfeeding on lures.
  • the child quickly learns to swallow, then chew, to deal with kitchen appliances, to behave at the table like everyone else.
  • has no problems with appetite, and the mother does not waste time persuasion and entertainment during feeding (because my mom has no purpose, it feed); - breastfeeding continues to play a major role in the relationship of the mother and child; - the child quickly adapts to family diet, no need to waste time and energy on cooking separate dishes; - after 9 months. child can already leave for the whole day grandmother/nanny, he clearly eats and without my mother, all that eat other the family members .
4. Possible cons

  • individual products, individual dishes, cooking and feeding of the child;
  • the difficult child learn how to behave at the table is in society, mainly because it fed separately. the difficult child learns to swallow and chew; - often in children loss of appetite and you have to push them food in different ways;
  • puree food, theoretically stick to the walls of the intestines, which can lead to lethargy gastrointestinal tract and chronic diseases.
  • the first time (3-5 days), the child can push the language of food and to cough pieces than alarming the mother;
  • it is difficult to see what the child had a negative reaction (diathesis or diarrhea);
  • the child is allowed to behave at the table under the age of behaviour, i.e. to explore food (to spread on the table, and so on), there is myself (dirty) and there on the floor, that adds cleaning and imposes certain requirements on the cleanliness of the table and the floor;
  • when you have Pets, they eat from the kitchen are removed;
  • perhaps for the sake of the child You have to change your diet (to abandon the use of ready-made processed foods, chips etc). and start preparing normal healthy food for the whole family.

Feeding of prepared baby food can be attributed essentially to pediatric feeding. Usually firms manufacturers are special programs: how, what, when and how much to give to the child. Plus , you can assume that it is not necessary to prepare and think (almost). Cons, in our opinion, a lot:

  • Children don't like them or select only some;
  • it quite wasteful in terms of material;
  • children who are accustomed to such food, hardly moving at a common table, very bad at chew and almost always problems with appetite.
Of course, life isn't all so clearly, can be combined these types of foods. For example, parents often choose pediatric complementary foods with natural elements. Feed them as separate products, but at the table and not give mashed potatoes and small pieces. Or to prepare for all one of the dishes, what works for the kid and eat it all together. Mom continues to give the breast on demand. On the road or in public place on a long walk give purees of banks, etc.

The main thing, however, to adhere to the basic principles of a particular types of foods, it is easier and the baby to get used to new foods and You to correct their actions, if something does go quite smoothly.

If You are not completely confident in their actions, may appeal consult your child's doctor (though few of them has information on natural foods) or consultants breastfeeding and child care. They will help to make You the feeding scheme, which is suitable for You and Your child.

Natalia Piskunova
Consultant on breastfeeding
Nizhny Novgorod



Additional materials:
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Features of the body of the newborn Features of the baby's body

So, the baby was born. From the moment of birth until the cutting of the umbilical cord, the child stops directly in contact with the mother's body and begins the neonatal period, which lasts about one month. During this time the baby adapts to completely different for him the environment. During this period significant changes in his body. Some organs and systems worked during the prenatal period (heart, kidneys, endocrine glands, other respiratory organs and digestive system begin to function from the moment the baby is born.

Why is the baby crying? Baby crying Why is the baby crying? A baby crying.

A baby crying can be divided into various types, ranging from easy whining (usually just before falling asleep to thunder - Kim cry for several hours. It is understandable that when your baby cries, you wspolna - Vanir and scared. Also babies cry for a variety of reasons. When they are very young, this is the only way they can Express their needs.

Child care Child care

Usually mothers find it helpful to bathe the child in front of a 10-hour evening feeding. However, it is possible to bathe before any feeding (but not after it, as after feeding the child usually falls asleep). Many fathers gladly bathe their children over 6-hour or 10-hour evening feeding. When the child becomes older and will go to sleep immediately after dinner, you can bathe him before going to sleep. That the child did not feel hunger, until you give him a bath, give him before bathing juice. To bathe the child needs in a warm room, for example in the kitchen.

Bathing a newborn Bathing a newborn

Bathing a newborn not only supports the baby's skin clean, but has a good tempering effect. Until the baby is healed umbilical wound, bathing wipe it with a soft, damp sponge. The procedure is done in a warm room, in a convenient conditions, for example, on a special table Mat or just on his knees. The main thing is that the position of the newborn was safe and easy to communicate with him. Prepare baby soap, gentle baby shampoo, two napkins, soft towel, cotton swabs and clothing. When rubbing your baby sponge water should be pleasantly warm. The left hand slightly lift up the child, holding under the crown, and the right - wipe, starting from the top.

How to deal with a newborn How to deal with a newborn

The most difficult task facing a newborn baby during the first month of his life, to adapt to conditions outside the mother's body. Most of the time the baby is sleeping. Waking up, he starts to behave in accordance with their internal physiological state. Periods of active wakefulness, when the child is ready to take new information, rare and short-lived. Therefore it is not necessary to pre-plan lessons with a newborn, just try to seize the opportunity. This option appears when the baby is fed and is in a good mood. Remember that children have different thresholds of excitability, and if you periotome baby, he may start to worry, to scream and cry.

The food of the newborn The food of the newborn

The child, like any other person, has the instinct of hunger. If he is chronically undernourished, he will shout, demanding more milk. Trust him and talk to your doctor. If he hasn't finished his usual amount, do not insist. Consider that he wakes up because he is hungry and cries, most likely because he wants to eat. He eagerly catches mouth, nipple (or pacifier). Sucking is a serious work for the child. He may even sweat from the effort. If you take away a pacifier before he was sated, he would be yelling at them. When he will suck as much milk as he wants, he will Solovey from satiety and again falls asleep.

The introduction of solid foods in the diet of the child The introduction of solid foods in the diet of the child

Fifty years ago it was introduced only after a year. Then doctors began to try to introduce it earlier and earlier and found that children readily accept this food and she has a beneficial effect. For two reasons it makes sense to start giving solid food to a child in the first half of the first year. At this age children are still there, and being older, they become more selective. Solid food contains nutrients, especially iron, which little or no milk.

Complementary feeding for children aged 6 months Complementary feeding for children aged 6 months

Fifty years ago it was introduced only after a year. Then doctors began to try to introduce it earlier and earlier and found that children readily accept this food and she has a beneficial effect. For two reasons it makes sense to start giving solid food to a child in the first half of the first year. At this age children are still there, and being older, they become more selective. Solid food contains nutrients, especially iron, which little or no milk.

The lure. The who guidelines on breastfeeding The lure. The who guidelines on breastfeeding

Timely introduction of properly selected foods promotes good health, to improve nutritional status and physical development of infants and young children in a period of rapid growth and therefore should be the focus of the health system.

The child learns about feelings The child learns about feelings

Children who are more difficult to adapt to new conditions, or less constant in their habits, demonstrate more wary, are" less willing to smile and willing to try new foods or to meet new people or places. Difficult children are fickle habits. Even in ten years, such a child may not develop the habit of going to bed.

The choice of a Walker The choice of a Walker

There are two main types of precursory those in which children sit, and such that kids are pushing. First, for those children who are not able to move independently, the latter which often resemble small truck or can be converted into a tricycle - for those children who are already starting to walk, holding onto a support. Baby Walker - item optional, and many experts believe that the harm outweighs its benefits.

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