In this section of the website you will read how and where they live marine animals, will be able to learn interesting facts about them, to see photos of animals of the seas!
More than two thirds of the earth's surface is covered by seas and oceans. This huge mass of water is necessary for life on our planet: the winds carry moisture all over the world, it evaporates and restored again in the form of rain and snow, nourishing flora and fauna. The sea teems with life, and oddly enough, but microscopic, and the largest marine life, such as the blue whale, manta or whale shark, eat large amounts of food, invisible to the naked eye, plankton.
Medusa more than 90% consists of water; some jellyfish can cause painful burns.
The octopus has eight tentacles; he lives on the seabed and may change color, adapting to the environment.
The hawksbill sea turtle (Caretta Caretta) is a very clever swimmer; feeds mainly on jellyfish and crustaceans. Lays eggs in the sand on the banks of small coves.
The blue whale is the largest animal in the world: one female caught in 1947, weighed 190 tons. Baby blue whale is born eight meters long and weigh up to three tons.
Marine flora consists of algae , plants, deprived of the barrel. Their life depends on sunlight, and therefore at greater depths, which cannot be penetrated by the rays of the sun, algae do not.
Moon-fish usually swims in the open sea almost at the surface, because of what it seemed from the water, the fin is often mistaken for a shark fin; in contrast, the moon-fish absolutely harmless.
Monkfish. This amazing predatory fish lures his victim, shaking "aerial"at the end of which there is a growth similar to tasty worm.
Lionfish Zebra. Its striking appearance is fraught with serious danger - on the back of this fish is the fin that emit poison as strong as the poison of the Cobra.
Fish-needle. Hunts totally unique way: it is close to the victim, often hiding behind other fish, and quickly sucks it in his long "beak". Characteristics of the fish-the needle is very similar to that of a seahorse.
The acne. For centuries scientists, starting with the Greek philosopher Aristotle, tried to understand how breeds of fish. Today we know that it spawn in the Sargasso sea, between Bermuda and the Caribbean Islands. Small larvae travel many thousands of miles to return to the river of origin of their parents.
Acne is a very strong fish; found in fresh water and maybe a long time to stay out of the water: part of your way often does on land.
Sea birds. The sea provides food for many animals that live on the coast. Among them are numerous sea birds. These birds have a lot in common: they're all fly can land on water, swim through webbed feet, and their beaks are adapted for fishing. Many of them, such as cormorant, are able to pursue fish and under water.
Cormorant. Living in Japan has taught this bird fishing: each caught a fish a bird returns to the owner.
Seagull. Many different species of marine birds are called seagulls. You can often see flocks of gulls pursue fishing vessels returning from the field: they pick up waste that sailors thrown overboard.
Gulls have learned to find food even in landfills in the inner part of the mainland at a distance of tens of kilometers from the sea.
The frigate. The male of this large, living on the shores of warm seas during courtship fanning huge bright red craw, to attract the attention of females.
The depths of the sea.
Away from the coast at great depths do not grow algae need sunlight; there is only phytoplankton, educated microscopic algae floating in the water. For this reason, at great depth are mainly predators; other fish are content with phyto and zooplankton. Composed of tiny invertebrates.
On open water expanses, where there are no shelters, only large sizes could inspire fear predator and prevent the attack. Therefore, only far from the coast and there are large marine life: whales such as orcas and whales, to large fish such as shark, tuna or swordfish.
Small fish used other methods of protection: flying fish high jumping out of the water, and sardines and mackerel are the salvation that gather in large flocks.
The land is washed by four seas: the Indian, Atlantic, Arctic and Pacific. The largest is the Pacific ocean, with an area of 180 million square kilometers. The average depth of the oceans is about 4,000 meters. Great length and depth do not allow to know the bottom of the ocean; in fact, it is extremely difficult and expensive to create machines capable of withstanding higher pressure existing in the sea depths.
The greatest depth of the ocean is the Mariinsky trench in the Pacific ocean: 11 022 meter.
The flying fish strongly developed lateral fins, which she does plan to fly over the surface of the sea, escaping from predators.
A complex combination of winds, currents and alternating tides causes the motion of the waves. The sea is rarely waves rise above 10 meters, but was observed wave height and even more than 30 meters.
In the sea swims a large number of microscopic organisms that are not able to withstand currents, animals (zooplankton) and plants (phytoplankton) in origin; together they make up the plankton.
Portable currents he serves as food for tiny fish and crustaceans, and the huge mammals, for example, for a blue whale. Animals are able to swim, form the nekton.
Zooplankton is part of the plankton, educated animal organisms.
Phytoplankton is the part of the plankton, which consists of microscopic floating algae. A large number of phytoplankton and attached sea water characteristic greenish color.
In one liter of water of millions of microscopic organisms, invisible to the naked eye. They not only make food of marine animals, but also necessary for the recovery of oxygen.
This large mammals, the inhabitants of the seas and oceans. Over millions of years of evolution, their body shape similar to the shape of the body of the fish, so they quickly swim. But cetaceans unlike fish can't breathe the rarefied oxygen. They need to breathe air, so they are forced from time to time to swim on the surface of the sea. Calves are born in the water; immediately after birth, the mother pushes them to the surface so they took the first breath. This is a very important moment, and parents should be extremely careful not to meet with the predator.
The smallest of the cetaceans Dolphin, and the biggest city whale is the largest animal in the world.
"The fountain". It may seem that the whales exhale water spray; indeed, what we see is a stream of air mixed with a small amount of water.
Easeby whales (SEI whale), humpback and blue whales eat plankton which they filter through frequent Horny plates called whale baleen. These plates prevent the penetration into the mouth of large animals, so these whales don't need teeth.
Unlike other whales that prefer the open sea, humpback whales live close to the coast, sometimes even swimming in the Bay and rivers. Despite its weight of 30 tons, this playful animal likes "dance", leaning out of the water.
The sperm whale.
It is a large animal reaches up to 20 meters in length. Feeds mainly on cephalopods, such as squid and fish. Extracting food, it can dive to a depth of two thousand meters, where there are giant squid, weighing several tons.
The sperm whale can hold his breath for almost two hours!
Due to a long straight tooth, similar to the horn, narwhal cannot be confused with anyone. This friendly animal lives in the cold Arctic waters.
The killer whale.
Has a reputation as a cruel and very dangerous predator; in fact, the killer whale, like other carnivores, attacking animals on which it feeds, but no evidence that she attacked people, no.
Dolphins are very easy to tame because they are very smart and have an exceptional ability to learn.
Dolphins, like all cetaceans, make many different sounds; this Dolphin "language" scientists are studying.
Dolphins are extremely friendly; once it is Dolphin rescued a man trapped in a shipwreck, from the attackers on his sharks.
This is a very ancient fish; due to the streamlined shape of the body while moving forward sharks have the least resistance to the water, so quickly swim.
Unlike fish, sharks reproduce by laying its eggs; some put them on the bottom, attached to algae or rocks, the other eggs are fully developed in the body of the mother, and the young are born already formed.
Among sharks there and awe-inspiring predators, such as blue shark, and peaceful plankton feeders, such as the huge whale shark, which, despite the frightening appearance, absolutely harmless.
Whale shark - the largest fish in the world, its body length up to 12 meters!
Blue shark is considered a man-eating shark, there is a lot of evidence that it attacks the people who were injured in the wreck, and on bathers.
Lives in tropical seas, exploring the shallows in search of fish and crustaceans. Does not attack people, but if people get scared and try to escape, this shark can be very dangerous.
Found in the warm waters of the Atlantic ocean and the Mediterranean sea. A great feature is a long, flat snout with small teeth arranged like the teeth of a saw. It serves fish for combing the sandy bottom in search of small prey. Occasionally sawfish uses its "nose" for protection from enemies.
Often the shark accompany fish-pilots; they feed on the remains of a shark food, and, oddly enough, sharks they don't attack. There is a belief that fish-pilot tells the shark the way to large shoals of fish. Actually this is just a legend, devoid of any basis.
He strongly flattened body, which creates the impression that he "flies" through the water. Basically, scat lives on the bottom, at moderate depths, where wonderful masking.
Some species of the slope on the back there is a long spike, emitting a strong poison. In the mouth, located on the belly, a lot of sharp teeth.
This fish is so named because of the color of the skin. She swims close to shore and eats everything: fish and crustaceans, birds and mammals.
Sunlight passes through the water column deeper than a few tens of meters. Below is a permanent darkness, and it is impossible to tell day from night. Plants cannot live without light, so there is absolutely no algae. This is the reason that at depths of only live prey fish lure prey with a variety of sophisticated ways.
Many deep sea fish have a special luminous bodies, the so-called phosphors; they serve as bait before the fish can not resist and attracted such a "bait", are often eaten.
Deep sea fish are able to withstand higher pressure, moreover, they do not tolerate this low pressure, and if surfaced, he must be killed.
At the bottom of the ocean slowly down organic matter - the remains of animals and plants that died in the surface layers. All this food is small benthic animals - the so-called collection of organisms living on the bottom. Benthos, in turn, serve as food for fish and larger molluscs, which are killed by other predators, penetrating into the depths of the sea from shallower layers, such as the sperm whale, which can dive to a depth of, despite the fact that he breathes atmospheric air.
One representative of this species, "stranded" on the island of Newfoundland and Canada, weighed two tons. The giant squid is a long body with tentacles reaches 13 - 18 meters, even suggest that they engage in the depths of the oceans in a fierce battle with sperm whales: on the body which often see the traces left by the tentacles, and in the stomachs of finding the remains of a giant squid.
Floats are always in the dark, holding a huge mouth wide open; so he collects all the food that comes in his way.
About this deep sea fish known very little because of the difficulty of studying its natural habitat. Probably most of the time it calmly lies at the bottom, swinging its long tendril with phosphor - luminous body located at its head. Other fish, paulauskis for this bait, inevitably end up in the throat of linophryne.
The coral reefs.
Corals are small animals, in the colonies, of which there are millions of individuals that live in tropical seas, having attached to their bottom. Over time, one generated by them calcareous skeleton grows and forms in the coastal zones of most real coral reefs, on which the waves are breaking; because of this, between the shore and the coral fence calmer sea, in port harbour.
A coral reef is an ideal habitat for animals and plants: the sea is calm and warm, plenty of sunshine. If under water to look through the mask aqualung, you can see countless different beautiful fish, "walking" among sea stars and anemones.
If you dive on the other side of the reef in the open sea, you may experience a feeling of intense vertigo: the bottom is no longer only the water bright blue.
The largest coral reef, stretching over 2000 km, is located along the coast of Australia. These fortresses of coral called great career reef and pose a serious danger to sailors.
Atolls. The tops of underwater volcanoes can rise above the water, forming small Islands, or stay near the ocean surface. If around coral colonies are formed, they take almost circular shape, forming atolls are coral Islands.
Madrepore. Relatives of corals also formed colonies of polyps calcareous nature. At night they pull the tentacles, grabbing food, consisting of plankton.
Near the shore.
In the ocean near the coast, the most favorable conditions for the prosperity of the inhabitants of the underwater world: sunlight penetrates into the water, contributing to excessive growth of algae and providing food animals that eat them; these animals, in turn, themselves serve as food for predatory fish. And, finally, the motion of waves, which never reaches greater depths of several tens of meters, here is the mix on the bottom, which contributes to its fertility.
The bottom can be rocky silt or sand, sometimes covered with algae. In accordance with the type of the seabed, its inhabit different animals. For example, on the sandy bottom you can find the flounder, which is hiding in the sand, burying him in half, and octopus finds refuge on a rocky bottom, where it is almost invisible among the rocks.
Among the rocks washed by the sea, providing hospitality countless animals, is the rich life. Some of the local inhabitants, such as mussels, patella, urchins, starfish and sea anemones, not swim. In the shadow of the crevices and cliffs hidden crustaceans, octopus, and such fish as sargus, grouper, rock bass and Moray. Flounder and the dragon hiding in the sand, and the Sultan explores his long tendrils in search of food. All this potential prey are attracted to the coast fish-hunters that live in the open sea, lavraki, large seriola and Zubanov.
Swimming in the sea, you have to be very careful not to step on these animals, the consequences can be very sad! The mouth of the sea urchin is called Aristotelian lantern, and there are five constantly growing teeth.
Some hedgehogs needles are short and frequent, others are long and sparse. They differ in color.
All of these animals, mostly marine, there are two pairs of antennae, and some even two solid claws, which may force it to close. During the day they usually hide in the clefts of the rocks, but activated at night and go in search of food, which, as a rule, shellfish and dead animals.
Spiny lobster is found in the seas almost all over the world; its weight can reach up to eight kilograms.
Lobster and spiny lobster, this is a very popular seafood; lobster caught using special traps - cages. Unlike lobster, he has claws.
A distinctive feature of crab - specific way to move sideways.
The crustaceans have a permanent burrow, where they will return after a night trips for food: this suggests that crustaceans possess a good sense of orientation. Some of them, for example, lobster commit mass migration over long distances.