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Handbook of drugs for children / T
AND B IN G D C AND K L M N O P R WITH T Y F X C E
BEFORE USING MEDICATION SHOULD CONSULT A DOCTOR!

TAVEGIL (TAVEGYL)

TAILED (TILADE)

TELFAST (TELFAST)

TIZIN (TYZINE)

TIMOGEN (THYMOGENUM)

TOTEM (TOTEM)

TRASICOR (TRASICOR)

TRENTAL (TRENTAL)

TRIAMPUR COMPOSITE (TRIAMPUR COMPOSITUM)

TRIAMCINOLONE (TRIAMC1NOLON)

TAVEGIL (TAVEGYL)

A synonym. Clemastin.

The composition and release form. A synthetic drug. Active substance - clemastin. Release: 1) tablets (1 tablet 1 mg clementia) in a package of 20 pieces; 2) syrup (5 ml of syrup - 500 µg of clemastine) in bottles of 60. and 100 ml; 3) solution for injection in ampoules of 2 ml (1 ml solution of 1 mg of clemastine) pack of 5 PCs

Medicinal properties. Possesses antiallergic, antipruritic and antiexudative effect reduces the permeability of capillaries. The effect of the drug occurs rapidly, reaches a maximum at 5-7 hours and lasts 10-12 hours (in some cases up to 24 hours).

Indications for use. Hay fever, urticaria, pruritic dermatoses, eczema, dermatitis, skin rashes caused by taking drugs (combination therapy), insect bites. Application rules. Children from 6 to 12 years appoint 0.5-1 tablet 1-2 times a day, over 12 years - 1 tablet morning and evening, before meals. In severe cases, the daily dose can be increased to 4 tablets. If necessary, administered intravenously (slowly over 2-3 minutes) or intramuscularly in a daily dose of 0.025 mg/kg in 2 of the introduction.

The side effects. Drowsiness, fatigue, dizziness, stomach discomfort, dry mouth, nausea, pain in the abdomen, constipation. In some cases, especially in children; marked anxiety, irritability, shaking, insomnia. Described isolated cases of lack of appetite, vomiting and diarrhea. Rarely, there is a decrease in blood pressure, palpitations, rhythm disturbances of heart contractions.

Contraindications. Hypersensitivity to the drug, age 1 year, diseases of the lower respiratory tract (bronchial asthma).

Special instructions. The drug enhances the effect of sedatives, hypnotics, tranquilizers and alcohol.

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TAILED (TILADE)

Group of drugs. ANTIALLERGICS funds.

The composition and release form. A synthetic drug. Active substance - nedocromil sodium. Release dose aerosol for inhalation 112 doses (1 dose (~2 mg of nedocromil sodium).

Medicinal properties. Has anti-inflammatory effect, improves respiratory function, reduce the frequency and intensity of asthma attacks, relieves cough.

Indications for use. For maintenance therapy. respiratory diseases: bronchial asthma, asthmatic bronchitis, bronchial spasm.

Application rules. Inhalation: children over 12 years is prescribed 2 doses (4 mg) 2 times a day, if necessary - 4 times a day; children younger 1 dose (2 mg) 2 times a day.

The side effects. Nausea, vomiting, indigestion, abdominal pain, headache.

Contraindications. Hypersensitivity to the drug.

Special instructions. The product is designed for regular daily use as a preventive measure and should not be used to relieve an acute attack of asthma.

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TELFAST (TELFAST)

The composition and release form. A synthetic drug. Active substance - Fexofenadine hydrochloride Release film-coated tablets (1 tablet of 120 or 180 mg of Fexofenadine hydrochloride) in a package of 20 pieces

Medicinal properties. Has anti-allergic effect.

Indications for use. Allergic diseases (allergic rhinitis, urticaria).

Application rules. Inside. Children over 12 years take 1 tablet (120 mg), 1 time per day.

The side effects. Headache, drowsiness, fatigue, dizziness, nausea.

Contraindications. Hypersensitivity to the drug, the age of 12.

Special instructions. With caution if impaired liver and kidney. The drug is not addictive.

Antiallergic effect of the drug is 1 hour, reaching a maximum after 6 hours, and lasts for 24 hours.

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TIZIN (TYZINE)

A synonym. Tetryzoline.

The composition and release form. Drops nasal for children of 0.05% to 15 ml in a bottle, drops for adults is 0.1% to 15 ml vial.

Medicinal properties. Has a vasoconstrictor effect.

Indications for use. Acute rhinitis, viral respiratory infections, otitis media, sinusitis.

Application rules. 0.05% solution children from 2 to 6 years 2-4 nose drops 2-3 times a day; children over 6 years - 0.1% solution 2 drops in each nostril 1-3 times a day, no more than 3-5 days.

The side effects. Dryness in the nose. The nausea. The headache.

Contraindications. Hypersensitivity to the drug.

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TIMOGEN (THYMOGENUM)

The composition and release form. The product of animal origin. Active ingredient - preparation of polypeptide nature, isolated from the thymus (thymus) in cattle. Release: 1) nose drops (1 ml 0.1 g of active substance) in tubes dropper 1 ml; 2) lyophilized powder for injection in a glass, hermetically sealed vials of 0.1 mg.

Medicinal properties. It has immunostimulating effect; increases the nonspecific resistance of the organism.

Indications for use. Prevention of complications of infectious diseases, surgeries, treatment of acute and chronic infectious diseases associated with immunosuppression; stimulation of regenerative processes after severe injuries (including broken bones); the treatment of immunodeficiency States in adults and children (in complex therapy).

Application rules. In acute respiratory diseases buried nose 2-5 drops of the solution into each nostril 2-3 times a day. Children shall also intramuscular injection in a daily dose of 1-3-5 ml depending on age.

The side effects. Exacerbation of atopic dermatitis and eczema.

Contraindications. Hypersensitivity to the drug.

Special instructions. It is not recommended to use the drug in the acute period of infection.

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TOTEM (TOTEM)

The composition and release form. Combined preparation containing trace elements. Release the solution for the reception inside in ampoules of 10 ml (1 ampoule of 50 mg of iron gluconate; of 1.33 mg gluconate manganese and 0.7 mg of copper gluconate) in a package of 20 pieces

Medicinal properties. Makes up for the deficiency in the body, stimulates the formation of erythrocytes.

Indications for use. Iron deficiency anemia, prevention of iron deficiency anemia in patients from high risk groups (premature babies, twins, newborns from mothers with iron deficiency anemia), insufficient dietary intake of iron.

Application rules. The contents of the ampoule is dissolved in water (with sugar) or in any other liquid that does not contain alcohol. It is advisable to take the drug on an empty stomach. Children (from 1 month) appoint 5-10 mg of elemental iron per day per 1 kg of body weight. The course of treatment 3-6 months. If necessary, the drug can be used long time.

The side effects. Heartburn, vomiting, nausea, diarrhea, constipation, abdominal pain.

Contraindications. Hemochromatosis; all kinds of anemias not associated with iron deficiency; hypersensitivity to the drug.

Special instructions. With caution in children under 2 years of age because of the risk of overdose. It is not recommended to combine the drug with intravenous introduction of iron salts. During the course of treatment possible staining of stool in black. Individuals on a diet with restriction of carbohydrates, you should be aware that each ampoule contains 3 g of sucrose. To prevent darkening of the teeth should not delay the solution in the mouth. Excessive consumption of tea inhibits the absorption of iron.

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TRASICOR (TRASICOR)

The composition and release form. A synthetic drug. Active substance - oxprenolol hydrochloride. Release tablets (1 tablet of 20 or 80 mg oxprenolol hydrochloride) pack of 40 PCs

Medicinal properties. Has anti-arrhythmic effect, reduces blood pressure.

Indications for use. All types of tachycardia, atrial and ventricular extrasystoles, cardiac arrhythmias in overdose of the drug digitalis, high blood pressure.

Application rules. Inside. Daily dose: 0.5-2 mg/kg body weight in 3 divided doses. Tablets are not to be chewed, swallowed with water.

The side effects. Bronchospasm, bradycardia, heart failure, weakness, headache, dizziness, indigestion.

Contraindications. Hypersensitivity to the drug, decreased blood pressure, bradycardia, bronchial asthma.

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TRENTAL (TRENTAL)

A synonym. Pentoxifylline.

The composition and release form. A synthetic drug. Active ingredient : pentoxifylline. Release: 1) film-coated tablets (1 tablet of 100 mg pentoxifylline), pack of 60 PCs; 2) tablets (1 tablet of 400 mg of pentoxifylline) in a package of 20, 50, and 60 units; 3) solution for injection in ampoules of 5 ml (in 1 ml of a solution of 20 mg of pentoxifylline) in a package of 5 pieces

Medicinal properties. Has a vasodilator effect, reduces blood viscosity, improve microcirculation and oxygen supply.

Indications for use. Violation of the peripheral circulation due to diabetes, inflammation; encephalopathy; disorders of blood circulation in the eye.

Application rules. Inside 50-100-200 mg three times a day, depending on age.

Intravenous children under 1 year 0.5-1 ml; older than 1 year 1-5 ml 5 ml 10% glucose solution.

The side effects. Nausea, vomiting, feeling of heaviness in the stomach, headache, dizziness, skin rashes, pruritus, angioedema, bleeding from the vessels of the skin and mucous membranes.

Contraindications. Massive bleeding, bleeding in the brain, massive hemorrhage in the retina of the eye, increased sensitivity to the drug.

Special instructions. Used with caution in patients with severe atherosclerosis of the coronary and cerebral vessels, gastric ulcer and 12 duodenal ulcer, patients who recently underwent surgery. In patients with severe impaired renal function the dose is adjusted individually.

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TRIAMPUR COMPOSITE (TRIAMPUR COMPOSITUM)

The composition and release form. Combined product. Active ingredients - hydrochlorthiazide triamterene. Release tablets (1 tablet - 12.5 or 25 mg of active substance) per pack 50 PCs

Medicinal properties. Has a diuretic effect; reduces blood pressure.

Indications for use. Edema of different origin (chronic heart failure, liver disease and kidney). Application rules. Inside after eating. Tablets are not to be chewed, swallowed a small amount of liquid. Adolescents weighing more than 50 kg administered 2 tablets 1-2 times daily; children : 0.5 - 1 tablet 1-2 times per day depending on age.

The side effects. Dry mouth, thirst, signs of low potassium in the blood (fatigue, muscle weakness, convulsions), reduced sodium, magnesium, chlorine, high content of calcium in the body.

Contraindications. Hypersensitivity to the drug components (including sulfonamides), renal failure, severe liver function disorders.

Special instructions. Used with caution in patients with impaired liver and kidney.

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TRIAMCINOLONE (TRIAMC1NOLON)

Synonyms. Brocart, Kenacort, Kenalog, Nasacort, Policastro, Triamcinolone, Triamcinolone Nycomed.

The composition and release form. A synthetic drug. Active substance - triamcinolone acetonide. Release: 1) tablets (1 tablet 4 mg triamcinolone,acetonide) in a package of 50 and 100 pieces; 2) suspension for injection in ampoules of 1 ml (in 1 ml of the suspension 10 and 40 mg triamcinolone acetonide in a package of 5 pieces and 5 ml vials; 3) ointment or cream (1 g - 1 mg of triamcinolone acetonide) in tubes of 15 g

Medicinal properties. It has anti-inflammatory and antiallergic action.

Indications for use. Bronchial asthma, vasomotor rhinitis, allergic dermatitis, urticaria, collagenosis, arthritis, pulmonary fibrosis, limfoleikoze, lipogranulomas, lymphosarcoma, hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenic purpura.

Application rules. Inside. The initial dose for children weighing less than 27 kg or under the age of 9-10 years - 0,004-0,010 g; supporting dose - 0,002-0,006 g (or 0,004-0,010 g a day), in 1 reception, morning (6-8 hours after Breakfast).

The side effects. Insomnia, anxiety, lack of adrenal function, impaired secretion of sex hormones, osteoporosis, myasthenia gravis, depression of immunity, increased intracranial pressure, thrombosis, decay, growth retardation, intestinal atony, pitting or dry skin.

Contraindications. Peptic ulcer disease, mental disorders, progressive osteoporosis, bacterial infections (tuberculosis, systemic fungal infections, viral infections, amoebic infections, polio.

Special instructions. Stop the drug should be gradual.

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